Fruit as a source of antioxidants and trends in its consumption

Authors

  • Ján Durec McCarter a. s., Bajkalská 25, 821 01 Bratislava https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5540-2686
  • Dagmar Kozelová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra,
  • Eva Matejková Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Martina Fikselová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Hygiene and Food Safety, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0962-3437
  • Silvia Jakabová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Hygiene and Food Safety, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6981-0509

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1042

Keywords:

consumer behavior, purchase, Chi-Square test of Independence, fruit consumption, research

Abstract

The positive effects of fruit on human health are mainly attributed to their antioxidant activity. The aim of this work was to observe public awareness about antioxidants consumed in fruit, to analyze their preferences and the frequency of fruit consumption in selected population groups. Preferences were assessed by questionnaire, which was attended by
220 respondents. Information about the presence of antioxidants in fruit showed 85% of respondents. Temperate zone fruit is prefered by 48% of respondents and 52% of respondents prefer fruit of southern zone. Fresh fruit is consumed by 54% of respondents, 18% of respondents prefer fruit juices, compotes are consumed by 12% of respondents, fruit spreads by 11% of respondents, and 5% favour the dried fruit. Fruit is consumed by 31% of respondents once to three times a week, 26% of respondents consumed fruit once a day, 23% occasionally and 20% of respondents more times a day. In terms of sex, higher fruit consumption was recorded at women who consume fruit mostly once a day, while men only once to three times a week. The relationship between place of residence and the possibility to grow their own fruit as well as preference between home and the consumption of fruit by country of origin was confirmed.

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Published

2019-04-27

How to Cite

Durec, J. ., Kozelová, D. ., Matejková, E. ., Fikselová, M. ., & Jakabová, S. . (2019). Fruit as a source of antioxidants and trends in its consumption. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 251–257. https://doi.org/10.5219/1042

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