The effect of processed Tempeh gembus to high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in women with obesity

Authors

  • Desti Ambar Wati Diponegoro University. Faculty of Medicine, Departement of Nutrition Science, Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Tel : +6285664870240 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9353-1166
  • Fika Shafiana Nadia Diponegoro University. Faculty of Medicine, Departement of Nutrition Science, Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Tel : +6281233771354 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7229-320X
  • Muflihah Isnawati Health Polytechnic Kemenkes of Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Tel : +628156613127 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2490-3872
  • Mohammad Sulchan Diponegoro University. Faculty of Medicine, Departement of Nutrition Science, Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Tel : +62816655235
  • Diana Nur Afifah Diponegoro University. Faculty of Medicine, Nutrition Study Program, Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Tel : +6287770380468 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8808-1826

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1236

Keywords:

Tempeh gembus, hsCRP, HDL, women, obesity

Abstract

Obesity causes chronic inflammatory reaction is characterized by elevated levels of high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hscrp). Hscrp and hdl could be used as an early marker of cardiovascular disease risk. Tempeh gembus contain fiber, unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants, which can reduce the inflammatory reaction. This study determines the effect of processed Tempeh gembus on hsCRP and HDL in obese women. This study included in experimental studies with randomized post-test only control group design involving 40 obese women aged 20 – 50 years. Subjects were randomized into two groups: a control group was given a standard diet low in calories 30 calories/kg body weight, and the treatment group was given a standard diet low in calories 30 calories/kg body weight and Tempeh gembus for 28 days. hsCRP and HDL levels were measured before and after the intervention, food intake was measured by using a 3 x 24-hour recall and physical activity (IPAQ form). HsCRP levels were measured using the ELISA method, whereas HDL levels were measured using the CHOD-PAP method. Wilcoxon test (hsCRP levels) and paired t-test (HDL levels) used to test differeces before and after intervention each group. Mann Whitney test (hsCRP levels) and independent sample test (HDL levels) used to test differeces before and after intervention between groups. There are differences in hsCRP levels before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.00) and the treatment group (p = 0.00). There are differences in HDL levels before and after the intervention in the control group (p = 0.00) and the treatment group (p = 0.00). There are differences in the decrease hsCRP levels between the two groups (p = 0.00). There are differences in the increase in HDL levels between the two groups (p = 0.03). Tempeh gembus 150 grams/day can decrease hsCRP levels and increase HDL levels in women with obesity.

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Published

2020-01-28

How to Cite

Wati, D. A. ., Nadia, F. S., Isnawati, M., Sulchan, M., & Afifah, D. N. (2020). The effect of processed Tempeh gembus to high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in women with obesity . Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 8–16. https://doi.org/10.5219/1236