A randomised controlled trial of innovative specialised meat product for patients with cardiovascular and metabolic disorders

Authors

  • Irina Chernukha V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS, Experimental-clinical research laboratory of bioactive substances of animal origin, Talalikhina st., 26, 109316 Moscow, Russia, Tel.: +79031684478 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4298-0927
  • Elena Kotenkova V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS, Experimental-clinical research laboratory of bioactive substances of animal origin, Talalikhina st., 26, 109316 Moscow, Russia, Tel.: +79859248446 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1864-8115

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1298

Keywords:

CVD, metabolic disorder, functional food, hyperlipidemia, cholesterol

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases remain one of the leading causes of death globally. A lot of dietary patterns for CVD prevention have been proposed, but special attention is paid to functional foods. Bioactive proteins and peptides from animal sources are also considered tools for the prevention of CVDs. Here, 40 overweight or obese adult men and women aged between
61 and 66 years, with a body-mass index between 28 and 61 kg.m-2, were enrolled into a randomised controlled trial of new meat products for specialised nutrition. Participants in the control group (n = 20) consumed a standard hyponatric low-calorie diet for 28-30 days (10 days inpatient and 18-20 days outpatient), and in the experimental group – a low-calorie diet and 100g developed meat product (ratio of the porcine aorta to hearts 1:3) per day. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, cholesterol low-density lipoprotein, and cholesterol high-density lipoprotein levels were measured in the serum; from this, the atherogenic index was calculated. The positive effect of developed meat products on the serum lipid profile of patients during the trial was mild but noticeable. A significant reduction in cholesterol levels was noticed in the experimental group, by 18.2% and 14.0% after 7 – 10 and 28 – 30 days, respectively, while the cholesterol level in the control group returned to its original level after 28 – 30 days of dieting. The difference between the control and experimental groups was not significant, while data in the percentiles were. Therefore, it is more preferable to use a developed product as a component in diet therapy for hyperlipidaemic humans for over 28 – 30 days. Pronounced effects of the product could be linked to the unique proteome and peptidome of heart and aorta tissues based on organ-specific gene expression and the presence of tissue-specific substances.

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Published

2020-07-28

How to Cite

Chernukha, I., & Kotenkova, E. (2020). A randomised controlled trial of innovative specialised meat product for patients with cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 458–464. https://doi.org/10.5219/1298

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