The influence of honey enrichment with bee pollen or bee bread on the content of selected mineral components in multifloral honey

Authors

  • Celina Habryka University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Food Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Evaluation of Food Quality, Balicka 122 str., 30-149 Krakow, Poland, Tel. +48 12 6624748
  • Robert Socha University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Food Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Evaluation of Food Quality, Balicka 122 str., 30-149 Krakow, Poland, Tel. +48 12 6624838
  • Lesław Juszczak University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Food Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Evaluation of Food Quality, Balicka 122 str., 30-149 Krakow, Poland, Tel. +48 12 6624748

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1329

Keywords:

honey, bee pollen, bee bread, mineral composition

Abstract

Bee products, such as honey, pollen, and bee bread, are an excellent source of bioactive ingredients, including minerals, having a health-supporting effect. However, due to the specific sensory properties of bee pollen and bee bread, the best way to include them in a diet is to add them to honey. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to evaluate the influence of the added bee pollen or bee bread on selected minerals content in multifloral honey. The mineral content was analyzed using absorption atomic spectrometry (FAAS) with prior dry mineralization. On the basis of obtained results, it was found that the addition of bee pollen or bee bread to honey significantly influences the content of selected macro- and microelements, excluding sodium. The greatest increase in mineral content was observed for magnesium, iron, and zinc. Enrichment of honey with the highest dose of bee pollen or bee bread resulted in an over 20-fold increase in the Mg and Fe content, and an over 14-fold increase in the Zn content. Honey enriched with the maximum addition of bee pollen was characterized by a higher content of K, Ca, Mg, Fe, and Cu compared to honey with bee bread. Due to a fact that both bee pollen and bee bread are good sources of minerals, their addition to honey significantly increases its ability to cover daily demand for macro- and microelements.

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Published

2020-10-28

How to Cite

Habryka, C., Socha, R., & Juszczak, L. (2020). The influence of honey enrichment with bee pollen or bee bread on the content of selected mineral components in multifloral honey. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 874–880. https://doi.org/10.5219/1329