Comparative analysis of antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in the fruits of Aronia spp.

Authors

  • Yulia Vinogradova N. V. Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Sciences, Department of the Native Flora, Botanicheskaya 4, 127276, Moscow, Russia, Tel.: +74999779136
  • Olena Vergun M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine, Cultural Flora Department, Timiryazevska 1, 04014, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +380975398541 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2924-1580
  • Olga Grygorieva M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the NAS of Ukraine, Department of Fruit Plants Acclimatisation, Timiryazevska 1, 04014, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +380671988082 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1161-0018
  • Eva Ivanišová Slovak University of Agricultural in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Resources, Department of Technology and Quality of Plant Products, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421376414421
  • Ján Brindza Slovak University of Agricultural in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Institute of Biological Conservation and Biosafety, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel: +421376414787

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1360

Keywords:

Aronia spp, antioxidant activity, polyphenols, flavonoids, phenolic acids

Abstract

Chokeberry (Aronia Medik.) is a non-traditional fruit plant known as a rich source of biologically active compounds and inhibits the numerous biological activities. We compared the antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of fruits between widely cultivated Aronia mitschurinii (AM-TCH, from Tchekhov district; AM-D, from Dmitrov district; AM-OZ, from Orekhovo-Zuevsky district of Moscow region, Russia) and introduced North American Aronia species (Aronia arbutifolia (AA-M), A. melanocarpa (AML-M), A. × prunifolia (AP-M), which have not been planted yet in the arboretum of Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow). Studying samples were collected in their secondary distribution range. Ethanolic extracts were determined for antioxidant capacity (antioxidant activity by DPPH and phosphomolybdenum methods, the total content of polyphenols, flavonoids, phenolic acids) and measured spectrophotometrically. As standards were used Trolox (TE) for antioxidant activities, gallic acid (GAE) for polyphenol content, quercetin (QE) for flavonoid content, caffeic acid (CAE) for phenolic acid content. The antioxidant activity by DPPH method in ethanol extracts of investigated plants was from 6.96 (AM-D) to 8.89 (AM-OZ) mg TE.g-1 DW. Reducing the power of investigated extracts exhibited activity from 151.47 (AM-OZ) to 297.8 (AA-M) mg TE.g-1 DW. The content of polyphenol compounds determined from 25.98 (AM-TCH) to 54.39 (AA-M) mg GAE.g-1 DW, phenolic acids content was from 7.76 (AP-M) to 11.87 (AM-D) mg CAE.g-1 DW and the content of flavonoids detected from 8.12 (AM-OZ) to 16.62 (AM-D) mg QE.-1 DW. Obtained data showed a strong correlation between the content of polyphenol compounds and reducing the power of extracts (r = 0.700), between flavonoids and phenolic acids (r = 0.771) and also between phenolic acids and reducing power (r = 0.753) in Aronia ethanol extracts. Fruits of investigated species of Aronia can be propagated as a source of polyphenol compounds with antioxidant activity and obtained results may use for farther pharmacological study.

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Published

2020-06-28

How to Cite

Vinogradova, Y., Vergun, O., Grygorieva, O., Ivanišová, E., & Brindza, J. (2020). Comparative analysis of antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in the fruits of Aronia spp. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 393–401. https://doi.org/10.5219/1360

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