Essential oils and their application in a food model


  • Lucia Galovičová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Fruit Science, Viticulture and Enology, Tulipánová 7, 949 76, Nitra, Slovakia, +421 907 260 116
  • Veronika Valková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Fruit Science, Viticulture and Enology, Tulipánová 7, 949 76, Nitra, Slovakia, AgroBioTech Research Centre, Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, +421 911 633 386
  • Jana Štefániková AgroBioTech Research Centre, Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia, +421 37 641 4911
  • Miroslava Kačániová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Fruit Science, Viticulture and Enology, Tulipánová 7, 949 76, Nitra, Slovakia, Department of Bioenergetics, Food Analysis and Microbiology, Institute of Food Technology and Nutrition, University of Rzeszow, Cwiklinskiej 1, 35-601 Rzeszow, Poland, +421 905 499 166



Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Canarium luzonicum, Melaleuca leucadenron, Amyris balsamifera, essential oil, food model


The aim of the study was to investigate the chemical composition, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activity of essential oils (Canarium luzonicum CLEO, Melaleuca leucadenron MLEO, Amyris balsamifera ABEO). There was Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis used for the characteristic of the semiquantitative composition of the essential oils. The DPPH method was used to determine the antioxidant activity. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of essential oils against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia were analyzed in a 96-well plate. The broth microdilution method was used for the minimal inhibitory concentration. A gas-phase antimicrobial assay was used to determine inhibitory concentrations in a food model. CLEO proved to be the best with the lowest MIC 50 and 90 of 6.67 μL.mL-1 respectively 6.81 μL.mL-1 and antioxidant activity of 33.43% among the tested essential oils. The main volatile compounds CLEO were limonene 36.38%, elemol 16.65%, α-fellandren 12.18% and elemicin 9.59%. It showed inhibition of S. maltophilia growth in the food model at the lowest concentrations among the essential oils.


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How to Cite

Galovičová, L., Valková, V., Štefániková, J., & Kačániová, M. (2020). Essential oils and their application in a food model. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 1088–1096.

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