The study of soluble solids content accumulation dynamics under the influence of weather factors in the fruits of cherries

Authors

  • Iryna Ivanova Dmitro Motorniy Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Faculty of Agrotechnologies and Ecology, Department of Horticulture, Viticulture and Biochemistry, B. Khmelnytsky Ave. 18 B, 72312, Melitopol, Ukraine, Tel.: +380979684745 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2711-2021
  • Maryna Serdiuk Dmitro Motorniy Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Faculty of Agrotechnologies and Ecology, Department of Food Technology and Hotel-Restaurant Business, B. Khmelnytsky Ave. 18 B, 72312, Melitopol, Ukraine
  • Vira Malkina Dmitro Motorniy Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Faculty of Energy and Computure Technology, B. Khmelnytsky Ave. 18 B, 72312, Melitopol, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2076-2032
  • Iryna Bandura Dmitro Motorniy Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Faculty of Agrotechnologies and Ecology, Department of Food Technology and Hotel-Restaurant Business, B. Khmelnytsky Ave. 18 B, 72312, Melitopol, Ukraine, Tel.: +380677209304 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7835-3293
  • Ihor Kovalenko Sumy National Agrarian University, Faculty of Agrotechnologies and Natural Resource Management, Department of Ecology and Botany, Herasym Kondratiev Str. 160, 40000, Sumy https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4957-2352
  • Tetiana Tymoshchuk Polissia National University, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Plant Protection, Staryi Blvd 7, 10008, Zhytomyr, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8980-7334
  • Oksana Tonkha National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Agrobiological Faculty, Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection them prof. M. K. Shykuly, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +380975447440 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0677-5494
  • Oleksandr Tsyz National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Agrobiological Faculty, Department of Vegetable Crops and Greenhouses, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +380675068754 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7174-7011
  • Mikhailo Mushtruk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(098)941-26-06 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3646-1226
  • Alina Omelian National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Technologies of Meat, Fish and Seafoods, Heroiv Oborony Str., 15, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +380987846045

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1554

Keywords:

pomological variety, ripening terms, principal component analysis, factor analysis, biochemical indicator, cherry

Abstract

High tasting assessment of the fruit of sweet cherry is due to the favorable soluble solids content (SSC). The weather parameters and varietal features during the formation of fruit have the dominant influence on the accumulation of soluble solids. This issue has gained new relevance in the context of global climate change. The research aimed to develop a dependence of the accumulation of soluble solids of the various sorts of sweet cherries on the weather conditions of the South Steppe zone of Ukraine. Statistical analysis of the values of soluble solids in sweet cherry fruit was performed according to the average indicators of three groups of cultivars. To achieve this goal, the laboratory, factor, correlation, and regression analyses were carried out. The mathematical model was built with the application of factor and regression analysis methods, with the principal component analysis being used. The factor and regression analysis methods became the basis for the linear regression model of dependence of SSC fund accumulation on the influence of climatic parameters for the cultivar types of the three ripening terms. Based on the constructed regression models, we analyzed the degree of influence of the weather parameters on the SSC indicator by calculating the coefficients of Δi relative influence. The largest influence was set for the group of temperature and humidity parameters with the maximum share of Δi ≥9.50%. It was mathematically substantiated that the weather parameters of the last month of fruit formation had the greatest influence on the accumulation of SSC in the sweet cherry fruit, regardless of the period of ripening. For early and medium ripening sweet cherries, those were the weather parameters for May, and for those of late-term of ripening June parameters were of the maximum value.

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Published

2021-04-28

How to Cite

Ivanova, I., Serdiuk, M., Malkina, V., Bandura, I., Kovalenko, I., Tymoshchuk, T., Tonkha, O., Tsyz, O., Mushtruk, M., & Omelian, A. (2021). The study of soluble solids content accumulation dynamics under the influence of weather factors in the fruits of cherries. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 350–359. https://doi.org/10.5219/1554

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