The effect of soil biostimulant Agriful on the selected quantitative and qualitative parameters of carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang.)

Authors

  • Júlia Fabianová the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Institute of Horticulture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic, Tel.: +421917373587 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6756-472X
  • Alena Andrejiová the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.:+421 37641 4247 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5484-440X
  • Miroslav Šlosár the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Institute of Horticulture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414261 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8692-405X
  • Alžbeta Hegedűsová the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Institute of Horticulture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414712
  • Lenka Benzová the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Institute of Horticulture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1696

Keywords:

biostimulant, carrot, yield, carotenoid, refractometric dry matter

Abstract

The research task was focused on an important type of root vegetable – carrot (Daucus carota L.), cultivar ´Romance F1´ (family: Apiaceae). The main goal was to verify the application of soil biostimulant Agriful (based on humic and fulvic acids) and its impact on the yield potential and quality of carrot roots. Nowadays, it is the common need to intensify and increase crop production because of the growing human population and look for environmentally friendly cultivation methods. In general, biostimulants are biologically based products and their purpose is to stimulate the natural nutritional processes in cultivated crops. In the realized experiment, Agriful (treatment of 5 L/300 L water/ha) was applied twice per vegetation period by spraying over the pivot. The increase of average root weight after the application of Agriful was found, concretely about +4.47% compared to the control variant. The higher root weight after Agriful application resulted in a higher total yield of carrot about +2.84% compared to the control variant. The quality of consumable parts of carrots were evaluated based on the classification of roots into quality classes according to the valid standard for fresh carrot marketing (UNECE FFV-10). In the ´Extra class´, there was an increase in the average yield after the application of Agriful about +5.4%; The average carrot yield in ´Class I´ was decreased about -1.0% and the root ratio in the ´Class II´ decreased about -1.9%. The ratio of ´Non-standard´ carrot roots was lower about -2.5%. Based on evaluating qualitative substance content (total carotenoids, refractometric dry matter), the positive influence of the effect of Agriful application was found. The content of total carotenoids was higher about +8.7% compared to the control variant. The refractometric dry matter was higher about +4.1% compared to the control variant. The obtained results can be used in further research on biostimulants and it is possible to create clear recommendations for using Agriful for small growers. It should be useful to verify these results in another vegetation period for recommendation to large-scale producers of carrots.

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Published

2021-10-28

How to Cite

Fabianová, J., Andrejiová, A., Šlosár, M., Hegedűsová, A., & Benzová, L. (2021). The effect of soil biostimulant Agriful on the selected quantitative and qualitative parameters of carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang.). Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 1120–1127. https://doi.org/10.5219/1696

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