Influence of garlic extract on antioxidant status of chicken

Authors

  • Zuzana Jakubcova Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Petr Mareš Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Ladislav Zeman Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Pavel Horký Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Tünde Jurí­ková Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for teacher training, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra
  • Jiří­ Mlček Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Faculty of Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, T.G.Masaryk Sq. 275, 762 72 Zlin
  • Štefan Balla Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for teacher training, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra
  • Libor Kalhotka Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Eva Mrkvicová Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Jiří­ Sochor Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Horticulturae, Department of viticulture and enology, Valtická 337, 691 44 Lednice

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/404

Keywords:

poultry, garlic extract, antioxidant status

Abstract

In 2006 the European Union banned the feeding of antibiotic growth promoters because of possible risk of drug resistance in human pathogens bacteria. This is the reason for the study of various phytogenic additives and their extracts as a natural source of biologically important compounds. Antimicrobial substances are a commonly included in chicken feed rations. They are used mainly as prevention against various diseases, and also to stimulate growth. The beneficial effects of garlic on animal organism resulting from their antimicrobial, antioxidative and antihypertensive properities. Studies focused on growth, conversion and meat quality of different types of animals indicate its positive effects. In our experiment we studied the influence of garlic extract in a dose of 0, 10 g and 15 g per 1 kg of chicken feed mixture. We focused on weight gains and antioxidant status of an organism. The experiment took 39 days. 54 seven-day-old chickens were included in the experiment. The chickens were weighed once a week, when aged 11, 17, 24, 31 and 38 days, at the same time of the day. The chickens had ad libitum access to feed ration and water. The chickens were taken blood sample at the end of the experiment when 39 days old. Their antioxidant status were measured using ABTS, FRAP and DPPH methods. Our results show that owing to higher concentration of garlic extract in feed ration the antioxidant status of observed chickens was increased. DPPH method showed an increase in antioxidant status of both experimental groups by 38% (a group with a dose of 10 g/kg of mixture) and by 46% (a group with a dose of 15 g/kg of mixture) compared to the control group. When using FRAP method, antioxidant status of both G10 and G15 groups increased by 24%, resp. 16%. No evidential differences in antioxidant activity between the experimental groups and control group were found using ABTS method. The supplement of garlic extract into a feed ration did not have any influence on weight gains of chickens.

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References

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Published

2014-12-30

How to Cite

Jakubcova, Z. ., Mareš, P. ., Zeman, L. ., Horký, P. ., Jurí­ková, T. ., Mlček, J. ., Balla, Štefan ., Kalhotka, L. ., Mrkvicová, E. ., & Sochor, J. . (2014). Influence of garlic extract on antioxidant status of chicken. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 8(1), 315–320. https://doi.org/10.5219/404

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