Copper content in cereals grown in the model condition

Authors

  • Ľuboš Harangozo Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Peter Lazor Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra Slovaki
  • Miriama Kopernická Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Pavol Trebichalský Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Janette Musilová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Július Árvay Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Daniel Bajčan Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department Chemistry, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/693

Keywords:

heavy metals, cereals, contamination, copper, seeds

Abstract

The consumption of cereals in Slovakia but also worldwide is increasing by every year. From 30000 to 50000 tons of mercury circulates thought the biosphere that gets into the atmosphere degassing of the earth's crust and world oceans. Trace element as copper is one of the most efficient antioxidants in the body, often referred to as an element of beauty. It acts as a powerful catalyst for many enzymes and vitamins, through which already small amounts affects many activities in the body (strengthens immunity, reduces levels of histamine). It accumulates in the barley, beans, cucumber, nuts or milk and so on. The aim of our work was the evaluation of transfer of mercury from sludge to edible part of chosen cereals. The objectives were achieved in simulated conditions of growing pot experiment. We used agricultural soil from the location of Výčapy - Opatovce for the realization of the experiment. The sludge, which was added at various doses, was taken from Central Spiš area from locality of Rudňany near the village where minedironore that contains mainly cooper and mercury during last few decades was. We used three types of cereals: barley (Hordeum sativum L.) variety PRESTIGE, spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety ISJARISSA and oat (Avena sativa L.) variety TATRAN. The length of growing season was 90 days. From the obtained results of two years can be concluded that the accumulation of cooper by seed follows barley ˂ oat ˂ wheat. Even though that the barley is characterized by the highest accumulation of cooper in the seeds, the content did not exceed the maximum level specified by The Codex Alimentarius of the Slovak Republic (CA SR). The results shows that the suitable cultivation of the cereals in localities, which are contaminated with heavy metals, especially by cooper, that the high content of cooper in soil do not pose a risk of accumulation of the metal into the cereal grain.

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Published

2017-01-21

How to Cite

Harangozo, Ľuboš ., Lazor, P. ., Kopernická, M. ., Trebichalský, P. ., Musilová, J. ., Árvay, J. ., & Bajčan, D. . (2017). Copper content in cereals grown in the model condition. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 11(1), 20–25. https://doi.org/10.5219/693

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