Variation of fruits morphometric parameters and bioactive compounds of Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal germplasm collection

Authors

  • Ján Brindza Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Biosafety, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Olga Grygorieva M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Gardens of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences, Timiryazevska 1, 01014 Kyiv https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1161-0018
  • Svitlana Klymenko M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Gardens of Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Timiryazevska 1, 01014 Kyiv https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6468-741X
  • Olena Vergun M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Gardens of Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Timiryazevska 1, 01014 Kyiv https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2924-1580
  • Ján Mareček Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Plant Storage and Processing, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Eva Ivanišová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Resources, Department of Plant Storage and Processing, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1019

Keywords:

Asimina triloba, Dunal, fruits, seeds, variability, bioactive compounds

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphological parameters and bioactive compounds (antioxidant activity, total polyphenol, flavonoid, and phenolic acid content) of 6 genotypes of dry Asimina triloba (L.) fruit from Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra (Slovakia). Genotypes were obtained from the seeds that were sown in the year 2000. Their morphometric parameters were following: fruit weight from 59.00 to 241.19 g, fruit length from 50.14 to 140.11 mm, fruit diameter from 37.55 to 64.67 mm, number of fruits per cluster from 2 to 8, seed weight from 0.06 to 1.80 g, seed length from 16.33 to 29.11 mm, seed width from 9.56 to 18.33 mm, seed thickness from 4.98 to 9.75 mm, number of seeds in fruit from 4 to 16. The shape indexes of fruits were found ranging from 1.53 to 2.16. The variability of important is the average seeds weight from 7.40 to 35.61%, fruit weight from 14.84 to 32.95%, number of fruits per cluster from 18.21 to 32.54% and a number of seeds in fruit from 13.49 to 27.72%. The other characteristics are more or less stable. Total polyphenol content ranged from 22.13 to 37.36 mg GAE per g, total flavonoid content from 15.10 to 32.03 mg QE per g and phenolic acids content from 0.23 to 0.76 mg CAE per g. All tested samples exhibited DPPH radical scavenging activities with values from 2.84 to 7.04 mg TEAC per g. Antioxidant activity by molybdenum reducing antioxidant power method ranged from 97.25 to 275.41 mg TEAC per g of dry matter. Differences between the genotypes were significant in all observed parameters. This species is potential for propagation and practice used in the Slovak Republic.

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Published

2019-01-26

How to Cite

Brindza, J. ., Grygorieva, O. ., Klymenko, S. ., Vergun, O. ., Mareček, J. ., & Ivanišová, E. . (2019). Variation of fruits morphometric parameters and bioactive compounds of Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal germplasm collection. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5219/1019

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