Bioinformatics analysis of aflatoxins produced by Aspregillus sp. in basic consumer grain (corn and rice) in Saudi Arabia


  • Latifa Al Husnan Princess Noruah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Faculty of Science, Biology department, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Tel.: +966-504207002
  • Muneera Al Kahtani Princess Noruah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Faculty of Science, Biology department, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Tel.: + 966- 504110897
  • Randa Mohamed Farag Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Health Sciences Research Center (HSCR), Riyadh, Kingdom Saudi Arabia (KSA), Tel.: +966-54-0672520



PCR, Sequences, Phylogenetic tree, Protein toxin gene, antigenic determinants


The food contaminants by aflatoxins are inevitable even when all precautions and good agricultural practices are applied. Samples of white rice and corn (yellow, red) grains were collected from different local markets and houses. Three Aspergillus flavus strain isolated were identified using molecular characterization of AFLR (aflR) toxin gene. DNA genome of the three A. flavus isolates (namely A. flavus _ YC; A. flavus _ RC; A. flavus _ Rice) which corresponds to isolates from, yellow corn, red corn and white rice respectively were used as a template for PCR to amplify Aspergillus flavus AFLR (aflR) toxin gene. Partially sequenced was amplified using a specific primer set to confirm its identity, phylogenetic relationships between the three isolates as well as determination of the corresponding antigenic determinants. The epitope prediction analysis demonstrated that there were 1, 2, 3 and 4 epitopes whose score were equal 1 in A. flavus _ YC; A. flavus _ RC; A. flavus _ Rice, respectively. Interestingly, there were great dissimilarity in the epitope sequences among the three isolates except in RLQEGGDDAAGIPA, SPPPPVETQGLGGD, RPSESLPSARSEQG and PAHNTYSTPHAHTQ were found to be similar between all isolates. This work articulates that the molecular identification and characterization of three A. flavus using Aspergillus flavus AFLR (aflR) toxin gene and the unique antigenic determinants that could be used for design of a broad-spectrum antibody for rapid detection of A. flavus in foods and support quality system of food safety.


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How to Cite

Husnan, L. A. ., Kahtani, M. A. ., & Farag, R. M. (2019). Bioinformatics analysis of aflatoxins produced by Aspregillus sp. in basic consumer grain (corn and rice) in Saudi Arabia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 65–75.