Effect of weaning system and type of milk flow on milk production of crossbred ewes improved Valachian and Tsigai with Lacaune

Authors

  • Lucia Mačuhová NPPC - Research Institute for Animal Production NitraHlohovecká 2, 951 41 Lužianky, Slovak Republic
  • Vladimí­r Tančin NPPC - Research Institute for Animal Production Nitra,Hlohovecká 2, 951 41 Lužianky; Slovak Agricultural University, Department of Veterinary Science, FAFR, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 94901 Nitra, Slovak Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2908-9937
  • Juliana Mačuhová Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Animal Husbandry, Prof. Dürrwaecher Platz 2, 85586 Poing, Germany
  • Michal Uhrinčať Research Institute for Animal Production NitraHlohovecká 2951 41 Lužianky, Slovak Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5378-617X
  • Milan Margetin NPPC - Research Institute for Animal Production Nitra, Hlohovecká 2, 951 41 Lužianky, Slovak Republic; Slovak Agricultural University, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 94901 Nitra, Slovak Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5833-2687

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1071

Keywords:

ewe, weaning system, milk flow curve

Abstract

Improved Valachian (IV x LC; n = 41) and Tsigai (TS x LC; n = 44) crossbred ewes with Lacaune were used to study the effects of three weaning systems on milk production. Prior to parturition, ewes were assigned to one of the following three treatments for the first 53 day of lactation: 1) ewes weaned from their lambs at 24 h postpartum and afterwards machine milked twice daily (MTD), 2) ewes, beginning 24 h postpartum, kept during the daytime with their lambs and allowed them to suckle for 12 h, nights separated from their lambs for 12 h and machine milked once daily in the morning (MIX), and 3) ewes exclusively suckled by their lambs (ES). After the treatment period, lambs were weaned from MIX and ES ewes, and all three groups were machine milked twice daily. Furthermore, ewes were evaluated according to number of live-born and weaned lambs (with one (n = 35) or with two lambs (n = 50)). The measurements of milk yield and milk flow were performed on 110 ±5 day of lactation by the equipment for graduated electronic recording of the milk level in a jar in one-second intervals. No significant differences were observed in the measured values (total milk yield, machine milk yield, latency time, milking time, machine stripping, milk flow rate, and machine milk yield in 30 and 60 s) among weaning treatments and between ewes with one or two lambs and evaluated breeds too. The highest occurrence of one peak milk flow (milk flow without milk ejection) was found out in MTD ewes (50%) compared to MIX (19%) and ES (17%). In conclusion, the different systems of weaning did not influence the milk yield and milk flow parameters in the mid-lactation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bruckmaier, R. M., Paul, G., Mayer, H., Schams, D. 1997. Machine milking of Ostfriesian and Lacaune dairy sheep: udder anatomy, milk ejection, and milking characteristics. Journal of Dairy Research, vol. 64, no. 1-2, p. 163-172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002173

Dikmen, S., Turkmen, I. I., Ustuner, H., Alpay, F., Balci, F., Petek, M., Ogan, M. 2007. Effect of weaning system on lamb growth and commercial milk production of Awassi dairy sheep. Czech Journal of Animal Science, vol. 52, no. 3, p. 70-76. https://doi.org/10.17221/2357-CJAS

Folman, Y., Volcani, R., Eyal, E. 1966. Mother-offspring relationships in Awassi sheep I: The effect of different suckling regimesand time of weaning on the lactation curve and milk yield in dairy flocks. Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 81, no. 3, p. 1300-1307.

Labussiere, J. 1988. Review of physiological and anatomical factors influencing the milking ability of ewes and the organization of milking. Livestock Production Science, vol. 18, no. 3-4, p. 253-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(88)90035-8

Mačuhová, L., Tančin, V., Mačuhová, J., Uhrinčať, M., Hasoňová, L., Margetínová, J. 2017. Effect of ewes entry order into milking parlour on milkability and milk composition. Czech Journal of Animal Science, vol. 62, no. 9, p. 392-402. https://doi.org/10.17221/11/2016-CJAS

Mačuhová, L., Tančin, V., Uhrinčať, M., Mačuhová, J. 2012. The level of udder emptying and milk flow stability in Tsigai, Improved Valachian, and Lacaune ewes during machine milking. Czech Journal of Animal Science, vol. 57, no. 5, p. 240-247. https://doi.org/10.17221/5922-CJAS

Mačuhová, L., Uhrinčať, M., Mačuhová, J., Margetín, M., Tančin, V. 2008. The first observation of milkability of the sheep breeds Tsigai, Improved Valachian and their crosses with Lacaune. Czech Journal of Animal Science, vol. 53, no. 12, 528-536. https://doi.org/10.17221/369-CJAS

Margetín, M., Milerski, M., Apolen, D., Čapistrák, A., Oravcová, M. 2005. Morfology of udder and milkability of ewes of Tsigai, Improved Valachian, Lacaune breeds and their crosses. In Physiological and technical aspect of machine milking. Rome, Italy : ICAR Technical Series, p. 259-263. ISBN 92-95014-07-3.

Margetín, M., Oravcová, M., Makovický, P., Apolen, D., Debrecéni, O. 2013. Milkability of Improved Valachian, Tsigai and Lacaune purebred and crossbred ewes. Slovak Journal of Animal Science, vol. 46, no. 3, p. 100-109.

Marnet, P. G., McKusick, B. C. 2001. Regulation of milk ejection and milkability in small ruminants. Livestock Production Science, vol. 70, no. 1-2, p. 125-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00205-6

Marnet, P. G., Negrao, J. A. 2000. The effect of a mixed-management system on the release of oxytocin, prolactin, and cortisol in ewes during suckling and machine milking. Reproduction Nutrition Development, vol. 40, p. 271-281. https://doi.org/10.1051/rnd:2000131

Marnet, P. G., Negrao, J. A., Labussière, J. 1998. Oxytocin release and milk ejection parameters during milking of dairy ewes in and out of natural season of lactation. Small Ruminant Research, vol. 28, no. 2, p. 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(97)00075-8

Mayer, H., Weber, F. and Segessemann V. 1989. A method to record and define milk flow curves of ewe during routine machine milking. In Proceedings 4th International Symposium on Machine Milking of Small Ruminants. Tel-Aviv, Israel : Kibbutz Shefayim, p. 564-573.

McKusick, B. C., Thomas, D. L., Berger, Y. M. 2001. Effect of weaning system on commercial milk production and lamb growth of East Friesian dairy sheep. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 84, no. 7, p. 1660-1668. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)74601-2

McKusick, B. C., Thomas, D. L., Romero, J. E., Marnet, P. G. 2002. Effect of weaning system on milk composition and distribution of milk fat within the udder of East Friesian dairy ewes. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 85, no. 10, p. 2521-2528. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74335-X

Nickerson, S. C. 2011. Mastitis pathogens/Contagious pathogens. In Fuquay J. W. et al. Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences. San Diego: Elsevier, p. 408-414. ISBN 978-0-12-374407-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374407-4.00300-9

Tančin, V., Mačuhová, J., Jackuliaková, L., Uhrinčať, M., Antonič, J., Mačuhová, L., Jílek, F. 2015. The effect of social stress on milking efficiency in dairy ewes differed in milk flow kinetic. Small Ruminant Research, vol. 125, p. 115-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2015.02.003

Tančin, V., Mačuhová, L., Oravcová, M., Uhrinčať, M., Kulinová, K., Roychoudhury, S., Marnet, P. G. 2011. Milkability assessment of Tsigai, Improved Valachian, Lacaune and F1 Crossbred ewes (Tsigai x Lacaune, Improved Valachian x Lacaune) throughout lactation. Small Ruminant Research, vol. 98, no. 1-3, p. 28-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.01.007

Thomas, D. L., Berger, Y. M., McKusick,B. C., Mikolayunas, C. M. 2014. Dairy sheep production research at the University of Wisconsin – Madison, USA. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology,vol. 5, no. 1, p. 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/2049-1891-5-22

Published

2019-04-27

How to Cite

Mačuhová, L. ., Tančin, V. ., Mačuhová, J. ., Uhrinčať, M. ., & Margetin, M. . (2019). Effect of weaning system and type of milk flow on milk production of crossbred ewes improved Valachian and Tsigai with Lacaune. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 275–279. https://doi.org/10.5219/1071

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>