Increasing of selenium content and qualitative parameters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) after its foliar application

Authors

  • Alena Andrejiová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4247 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5484-440X
  • Alžbeta Hegedűsová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4712
  • Samuel Adamec Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4239 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6423-7005
  • Ondrej Hegedűs J. Selye University Faculty of Economics, Department of Management, Bratislavská cesta 3322. 945 01, Komárno https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0643-7014
  • Ivana Mezeyová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Horticulture and Landscape Engineering Faculty, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421 37 641 4243 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5405-5611

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1097

Keywords:

tomato, selenium, biologically active substances, biofortification

Abstract

The effect of genotype and selenium foliar biofortification in the form of an aqueous solution of sodium selenate on the content of total carotenoids, vitamin C, total polyphenols and selenium content in the tomato fruits was studied.  Field experiment was held in the Botanical garden of the Slovak University of Agriculture in 2016. Seven determinant varieties of tomato in the two variants were observed. The results of experiments show that treatment of plants with the dose of Se concentration (150 g Se.ha-1) at the flowering stage significantly increased the total Se content in the in tomato fruits. Foliar application of selenium had a positive effect on the increase of total polyphenol. The influence of Se biofortification on the content of vitamin C and carotenoids was not detected. Selenium foliar fertilization in dosage 150 g.ha-1 is suitable way of tomato fruits enriching in polyphenols, without negative effect on other antioxidants content.

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References

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Published

2019-05-28

How to Cite

Andrejiová, A. ., Hegedűsová, A. ., Adamec, S. ., Hegedűs, O. ., & Mezeyová, I. . (2019). Increasing of selenium content and qualitative parameters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) after its foliar application. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 351–358. https://doi.org/10.5219/1097

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