Effect of plant growth regulators on biochemical compounds of tangerine (Citrus unshiu Marc.)

Authors

  • Oksana Belous All-Union Scientific research institute of floriculture and subtropical cultures, Laboratory of biochemistry and plants physiology, Fabritius st. 2/28, 354207 Sochi, Russia, Tel.: +79181059115 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5613-7215
  • Julia Abilphazova All-Union Scientific research institute of floriculture and subtropical cultures, Laboratory of biochemistry and plants physiology, Fabritius st. 2/28, 354207 Sochi, Russia, Tel.: +79064364302

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1126

Keywords:

Citrus unshiu Marc, growth regulator, spray application, dry matter, total acidity, total sugar, ascorbic acid

Abstract

We investigated the effect on tangerine of new generation plant growth regulators. The use of drugs in the period of fruit ripening has led to increased 2.0 - 3.7 times abscisic acid (AA) and 1.9 - 4.7% of Indole-acetic acid (IAA) acid in the leaves. Studies have shown that Indole-acetic acid and abscisic acid beginning of a sharp accumulation of their hormones coincides with action of stress factors and growth dormancy period. The use of the regulators had an impact not only on their content in leaves but also on fruit quality. For example, treatment Indole-acetic acid and Obstaktin led to an increase in the fruit of vitamin C. After treatments with plant growth regulators has been a significant decline in the total number of organic acids (up to 2.35% at the option of Melaphen and to 2.50% at Obstaktin, LSD (p ≤0.05) = 0.06). By reducing the content in the fruits of organic acids to all variants increased the sugar-acid index. After each spraying tangerine on the treatment options plant growth regulators has been a significant increase the dry matter. Thus, the positive effect of plant growth regulators on all the quality characteristics of tangerine was shown. In the summer period, the treatment by regulators may have a protective effect, increases the content in plants the content of Indole-acetic acid. The plant growth regulators of new generation have a positive effect on quality of dwarf tangerine. Given that the plants of tangerine in the subtropical zone of Russia each summer have to drought and are losing not only in yield, fruit quality too, new regulators may exert a protective effect, because increases the content in plants is Indole-acetic acid, which activates gene expression of drought resistance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abilfazova, J. S. 2017. Biochemical composition of dwarf mandarin fruit in the subtropical zone of the Krasnodar region. Horticulture and viticulture, vol. 4, p. 22-24. https://doi.org/10.18454/VSTISP.2017.4.6840

Abilfazova, J., Belous, O. 2016. Biochemical composition of tangerine fruits under microfertilizers. Potravinarstvo, vol. 10, no. 1, p.458-468. https://https://doi.org/10.5219/615

Agafonov, N. V., Phaustov, V. V. 1972. The application of growth regulators at the fruit growing. Moscow, Russia : TSChA, 64 p.

Belous, O. 2013. Influence of microelements on biochemical parameters of tea. Potravinarstvo, vol. 7, p. 149-152. Avalable at: https://www.potravinarstvo.com/dokumenty/mc_march_2013/bezpecnost_potravin_rastlinneho_povodu/belous.pdf

Chaylakhyan, М. K. 1977. Hormonal Regulators of Plant Flowering. In Pilet, P. E. Plant Growth Regulation. Heidelberg, Germany : Springer, p. 258-272. ISBN 978-3-642-66589-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-66589-9_28

Chumakov, S. S. 2013. Production of fruit plants and its regulation in the conditions of the Western Ciscaucasia : dissertation theses abstract. Krasnodar, Russia : KubGAU, 1 p.

Doroshenko, Т. N., Ryazanova, L. G., Al-Husseini A. M. A., Maksimtcov, D. B., Nen`ko, N. I., Belous, О. G. 2017. Prospects physiologically active substances for the formation of yield citrus fruit. Proceedings Kuban State Agrarian University, vol. 1, no. 64, p. 71-77. https://doi.org/10.21515/1999-1703-64-71-76

Edgerton, L. J. 1983. Effects of some growth regulators on branching and flowering of young apple trees. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 137, p. 77-82. https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.1983.137.6

Ermakov, А. I., Arasimovich, V. V., Smirnova-Ikonnikova, М. I., Jarosh, N. P., Lukovnikova, G. А. 1972. Methods of biochemical analysis of plants, vol. 456. Leningrad, Russia : Kolos, 456 p. ISBN 19801688892.

Gomez-Cadenas, A., Tadeo, F., Talo, M., Primo-Millo, E. 1996. Leaf abscission induced by ethylene in water-stressed intact seedlings of Cleopatra mandarin requires previous abscisic acid accumulation in roots. Plant Physiology, vol. 112, no. 1, p. 401-408. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.112.1.401

Gorshkov, V. М. 1976. The growth and fruiting of the tangerine plants in applying the drug round in the subtropics of Krasnodar region : dissertation theses abstract. Moscow, Russia : TSHA, 1 p.

Gudkovskij, V. А. 1999. The scientific basis for sustainable horticulture of Russia. Materials of the conference “Low growing gardening”, Michurinsk: Michurinsk-naukograd, p. 12-15. ISBN 5-900666-03-4.

Lepilov, S. М. 1985. The growth and fruiting of table grapes in the application of chlor-amin-cloride : dissertation theses abstract. Yalta: VNIIBiV, 1 p.

Levitt, J. 1985. Responses of plant to environmental stresses. Journal of Range Management, vol. 38, no. 5, p. 480. https://doi.org/10.2307/3899731

Liholat, Т. V. 1983. Growth regulators in woody plants. Moscow, Russia : Lesnaya promyshlennost, 240 p.

Madzhar, D. А. 2015. Features of application of physiologically active substances for regulation of vital activity of fruit plants: dissertation theses abstract. Krasnodar, Russia : KubGAU, 1 p.

Mikhailyuk, V .I. 1979. Acceleration start fruiting and productivity of pear trees in intensive plantations in connection with the use of the drug TUR: dissertation theses abstract. Moscow, Russia : TSHA, 1 p.

Pustovoitova, T. N., Zhdanova, N. E., Zholkevich,V. N. 2004. Changes in the Levels of IAA and ABA in Cucumber Leaves under Progressive Soil Drought. Plant Physiology, vol. 51, no. 4, p. 513-517. https://doi.org/10.1023/b:rupp.0000035745.82509.bc

Rath, A. C., Kang, I. K., Park, Ch. H., Yoo, W. J., Byun, J. K. 2006. Foliar application of aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) delays fruit ripening and reduces pre-harvest fruit drop and ethylene production of bagged «Kogetsu» apples. Plant Growth Regulation, vol. 50, p. 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-006-9131-5

Ryndin, A., Belous, O., Abilfazova, Y., Prytula, Z. 2017. The regulation of the functional state of subtropical crops with micronutrients. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 175-182. https://doi.org/10.5219/669

Sedov, Е. N. 1999. Program and methods of variety investigation of fruit, berry and nut crops. Oryol, Russia : publishing house of research Institute of fruit crop breeding, 606 p. ISBN 5-900705-15-3.

Sergeeva, N. N., Nen'ko, N. I., Kiseleva, G. K. 2013. Anatomy-morphological structure and chlorophyll content in apple leaves under application of fertilizers and bioactive substances. Sel'skokhozyaistvennaya Biologiya, vol. 5, p. 80-84. https://doi.org/10.15389/agrobiology.2013.5.80eng

Sheveluha, B. C., Kalashnikov, E. A., Degtyarev, S. V., Kochieva, E. Z., Prokof'ev, M. I., Novikov, N. N., Kovalev, V. M., Kalashnikov, D. V. 1998. Agricultural biotechnology. Moscow, Russia : Vyssh. SHK, 1081 p. ISBN 5-06-003535-2.

Tacken, E. 2014. Ethylene regulates apple (Malus x domestica) fruit softening through a dose x time-dependent mechanism and through differential sensitivities and dependencies of cell wall-modifying genes. Plant Cell Physiology, vol. 55, no. 5, p. 1005-1016. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcu034

Trebichalský, P., Tóth, T., Bajčan, D., Harangozo, Ľ., Vollmannová, A. 2017. Hormonal changes in spring barley after triazine herbicide treatment and its mixtures of regulators of polyamine biosynthesis. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 156-161. https://doi.org/10.5219/719

Trebichalský, P., Tóth, T., Bajčan, D., Vollmannová, A., Kavalcová, P. 2016. Herbicidal effect in relation to the accumulation of macroelements and its regulation by regulators of polyamine synthesis. Potravinarstvo, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 114-119. https://doi.org/10.5219/535

Yuan, R., Carbaugh, D. H. 2007. Effects of NAA, AVG, and 1-MCP on Ethylene Biosynthesis, Preharvest Fruit Drop, Fruit Maturity, and Quality of ‘Golden Supreme’ and ‘Golden Delicious’ Apples. Horticulture Science, vol. 42, p. 101-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2007.01.005

Zhuchenko, А. А. 2001. Adaptive system of plant breeding (ecological and genetic fundamentals). Moscow, Russia: RUDN, 1486 p. ISBN 5-209-01170-4.

Published

2019-06-28

How to Cite

Belous, O., & Abilphazova, J. . (2019). Effect of plant growth regulators on biochemical compounds of tangerine (Citrus unshiu Marc.). Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13(1), 443–448. https://doi.org/10.5219/1126

Most read articles by the same author(s)