Edible wild plants growing in adjacent spontaneous vegetation of energy plantations in southwest Slovakia

Authors

  • Lýdia Končeková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development, Department of Environmental Management, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +4216415618 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9032-3118
  • Daniela Halmová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development, Department of Environmental Management, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +4216415631 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5172-0997
  • Alexander Fehér Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development, Department of Environmental Management, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +4216415626

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1220

Keywords:

edible plant, miscanthus, short rotation coppice, SW Slovakia, wild plant

Abstract

This paper evaluates the potential and perspectives of wild plant species and macrofungi from short rotation coppice. The research was conducted during the years 2014 - 2018 in stands of short rotation coppice willow and miscanthus grass in southwest of Slovakia. Evaluated wild plant species and macrofungi were divided into four groups (green vegetables, fruits and seeds, flowers and nectar, subterranean parts). The results showed that ground flora of short rotation coppice consisted of 74 edible species from 34 botanical families. Asteraceae, Rosaceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae and Cichoriaceae families were represented the most. From the evaluated categories the most species belonged to the category with consumable aerial parts like leaves and shoots (59 species). The similar representation of species was found in the category of wild fruits and seeds consumed in the raw or preserved state and in category of edible subterranean parts (27 species and 22 species respectively). Principal component analysis showed that the edible parts with the strongest effect on the functional group differentiation were the fruits, seeds and subterranean parts.

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Published

2020-01-28

How to Cite

Končeková, L., Halmová, D., & Fehér, A. (2020). Edible wild plants growing in adjacent spontaneous vegetation of energy plantations in southwest Slovakia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5219/1220