Assessment of the intake of selected minerals in population of premenopausal women based on specific socio-demographic indicators

Authors

  • Kristí­na Jančichová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414352
  • Marta Habánová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421904665196 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1721-7161
  • Jana Mrázová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414223 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9540-1530
  • Martina Gažarová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +421376414210 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8275-7311
  • Jana Kopčeková Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, Tel.: +4213716414249

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1288

Keywords:

minerals, intake, diet, menopause, place of residence, type of home

Abstract

Eating behavior interventions are a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to monitor the intake of selected minerals – calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, selenium, and chromium in the diet of premenopausal women (n = 30) and to highlight the possible adverse effects of disbalanced intake of these elements. At the same time, we investigated whether socio-demographic factors and choice of food store have an impact on the intake of these substances. We assessed the intake of selected minerals using three-day nutritional protocols and subsequently processed the data. The participants were women between 40 and 50 years old, from districts of Partizánske and Prievidza, for whom menopause has not yet begun. Women provided information about their place of residence (urban or rural area), type of home they live in (family house or apartment), and the type of food store where they grocery shop. The results indicate an impact of the place of residence: higher intake of zinc (p = 0.012) and selenium (p = 0.020) were observed in the participants from the urban area. The impact of the type of home was proven on the intake of chromium (p = 0.049), copper (p = 0.048), and carbohydrates (p = 0.021) with higher intake in the apartment-dwelling group. The impact of food store choice has not been confirmed. Based on the observed values, we conclude that the observed population might be at a higher risk of skeletal disorders and osteoporosis due to deficient calcium intake and the unfavorable ratio of Ca:P; increased Zn and Se intake levels may stimulate the development of cardiovascular risk factors and may also elevate the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Published

2020-09-28

How to Cite

Jančichová, K., Habánová, M., Mrázová, J., Gažarová, M., & Kopčeková, J. (2020). Assessment of the intake of selected minerals in population of premenopausal women based on specific socio-demographic indicators. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 704–712. https://doi.org/10.5219/1288

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