Mathematical modeling of the oil extrusion process with pre-grinding of raw materials in a twin-screw extruder

Authors

  • Mikhailo Mushtruk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +38098941-26-06 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3646-1226
  • Maxim Gudzenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +38098941-26-06 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7959-3627
  • Igor Palamarchuk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +380677544493
  • Volodymyr Vasyliv National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Faculty of Food Technology and Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Department of Processes and Equipment for Processing of Agricultural Production, Heroes of Defense Str., 12 B, Kyiv, 03040, Ukraine, Tel.: +38(097)465-49-75
  • Natalia Slobodyanyuk National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UkraineNational University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine Department of Standardization and Certifying of Agricultural Products, Heroes of Defense Str., 15, 03041, Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +380982768508
  • Anatolii Kuts National University of Food Technology, Educational and Scientific Institute of Food Technology, Department of biotechnology of fermentation and winemaking products Volodymyrska Str. 68, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38 (044) 287-91-55
  • Oksana Nychyk National University of Food Technology, Educational and Scientific Institute of Food Technology, Department of Environmental Safety, Volodymyrska Str. 68, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38 (044) 287-91-55
  • Oksana Salavor National University of Food Technology, Educational and Scientific Institute of Food Technology, Department of Environmental Safety, Volodymyrska Str. 68, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine, Tel.: +38 (044) 287-91-55 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5784-3127
  • Anatolii Bober National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Agrobiological Faculty, Department of storage, processing and standardization of plant products after prof. B.V. Lesik, Heroiv Oborony Str., 13, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine, Tel.: +380674056632 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1660-1743

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1436

Keywords:

process, extrusion, oil-containing, raw materials, energy consumption, extruder

Abstract

The extrusion process of oil-containing raw materials using a twin-screw extruder is becoming increasingly common in food technology. The problem of high energy costs for the implementation of this process is solved by reducing the resistance of the process mass due to the preliminary grinding of raw materials. The classical theory of extrusion is based mainly on the use of theoretical solutions of mathematical models of processes, which are simplified and allow determining integral parameters using coefficients, the preparation of which for the calculation of the corresponding processes and equipment is a rather complicated and approximate procedure. Mathematical modelling of the movement of the technological medium at the individual stages of the processing of raw materials allows us to determine the analytical dependences for the power and energy parameters of the system and to carry out their effective technical and economic evaluation. Using the methods of mathematical analysis and data processing in the MathCAD software environment, graphical dependences of the power and energy parameters of the research technical system were obtained. By increasing the density of the oil-containing raw materials, which is extruded in the research extruder by 40.5% the pressure force increases by 41%, that is, there is an almost proportional relationship between the pressure force and the density of the processed raw material. With an increase in the angular velocity of the drive shaft ω more than 8 rad.s-1, the pressure force in the research process increases sharply. With an increase in the density of raw materials, it is grinded before extrusion by 40%, the power consumption for the grinding process increases by 2.8 times for the recommended operating mode. Energy losses for pressing completely grinded raw materials are reduced by 2.52 times.

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Published

2020-10-28

How to Cite

Mushtruk, M., Gudzenko, M. ., Palamarchuk, I., Vasyliv, V., Slobodyanyuk, N. ., Kuts, A. ., Nychyk, O., Salavor, O., & Bober, A. . (2020). Mathematical modeling of the oil extrusion process with pre-grinding of raw materials in a twin-screw extruder. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 14, 937–944. https://doi.org/10.5219/1436

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