Comparative characteristics of eggs of chickens of domestic and foreign selection in their diverse age

Authors

  • Lyudmyla Nalyvayko Luhansk National Agrarian University, Faculty of Veterinary madicine, Department of Infectology, Quality and Safety of Agro-Industrial Complex Products, Slobozhanska Str., 6892703, Starobelsk, Lugans kregion, Ukraine, Tel. +380972995559 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7485-4127
  • Kateryna Rodionova Odessa State Agrarian University, Faculty of Veterinary madicine, Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Sanitary and Expertise, Panteleimonovskaya Str., 13,65012, Odessa, Ukraine, Tel. 0662486856 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7245-4525
  • Svitlana Pankova State Poultry Research Station of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Tsentralna Str., 20, 63421, Birky, Zmiiv district, Kharkiv region, Ukraine, Tel.+3809748254936 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7504-9878
  • Natalia Shomina State Poultry Research Station of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Tsentralna Str., 20, 63421, Birky, Zmiiv district, Kharkiv region, Ukraine, Tel.+380982613517 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9658-2559
  • Oleg Katerynych State Poultry Research Station of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Tsentralna Str., 20, 63421, Birky, Zmiiv district, Kharkiv region, Ukraine, Tel.+380969213974 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4865-2238
  • Mariia Khimych Odessa state agrarian university, Faculty of Veterinary madicine, Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Sanitary and Expertise, Panteleimonovskaya Str., 13, 65012, Odessa, Ukraine, Tel. +380677992113 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2646-3196

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1501

Keywords:

egg, line, physical quality, morphological quality, lipid

Abstract

At this juncture, more and more attention is drawn to the preservation of the gene pool of local breeds of poultry, which have a set of valuable features, including high-quality eggs. In this study, the quality parameters of eggs (egg weight, weight, and proportion of yolk, weight, and proportion of albumen, yolk-albumen ratio, energy value, lipid and fatty acid content in the yolk) of chickens of Ukrainian selection(such hybrids as Plymouth white, Poltava Clay, Birkivska Barvysta and their interbreed hybrids) and foreign commercial crosses (Tetra SL, Tetra H, Super Harko, Lohmann Brown, Highsex White and Brown, High Line W36), at different ages (26, 34, 44 weeks of age) were studied in the comparative aspect. The average egg weight of Ukrainian breeds and hybrids was 51.9 g, 56.5 g, and 61.2 g at the age of 26, 34, and 44 weeks, respectively, in foreign crosses it was much higher - 59 g, 61.2 g, and 64.5 g, respectively (p <0.01). At the same time, there was a probable advantage of the Ukrainian selection bird over the foreign selection bird in the proportion of yolk (by 4.3%, 2.9%, and 4.1% at the age of 26.34 and 44 weeks, respectively), the yolk-albumen ratio (by 0.12, 0.07 and 0.08, respectively) and the energy value of the egg (76, 48 and 60 kJ, respectively). Higher lipid content was found in the egg yolks of domestic chickens in comparison with the foreign hybrid Tetra SL. The total content of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in the egg yolks in hens of local breeds is higher than in foreign cross. High-quality characteristics of eggs of local breeds and populations are evidence of the presence of a valuable set of genes that require comprehensive study, preservation, and use in the creation of new selectively significant forms.

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Published

2021-03-28

How to Cite

Nalyvayko, L., Rodionova, K., Pankova, S., Shomina, N., Katerynych, O., & Khimych, M. (2021). Comparative characteristics of eggs of chickens of domestic and foreign selection in their diverse age. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 245–253. https://doi.org/10.5219/1501