A policy construction for sustainable rice food sovereignty in Indonesia

Authors

  • Adriani Kusumawardani University of Indonesia, School of Environmental Sciences, Jl. Salemba Raya No. 4, Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia, Tel: +62812301007 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7149-7040
  • Bambang Shergi Laksmono Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Margonda Raya, Pondok Cina, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424 Indonesia
  • Lugina Setyawati Faculty of Social and Political Science, Jl. Margonda Raya, Pondok Cina, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424 Indonesia Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo University of Indonesia, School of Environmental Sciences, Jl. Salemba Raya No. 4, Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia, Tel: +62812301007

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1533

Keywords:

food security, food sovereignty, political resources, environmental resources, environmental diplomacy

Abstract

As an agricultural country with large natural resources, Indonesia still has considerable problems in managing food security. This is evidenced by the lack of agricultural land and human resources that can support people's food needs so that the government still imports food from other countries. These issues as; it are feared that population growth and high food consumption power, social exclusion (marginalization of agricultural laborers and agricultural land) will cause food security vulnerability in the future. This Mixed method quantitative and qualitative method by statistical and in-depth interview study involving 169 respondents from many stakeholders such as politicians, academicians, farmers, and students to determine policy construction for sustainable rice food sovereignty in Indonesia. The statistical study shows the rice consumption in Indonesia is correlated to education than the age and gender of the respondents. The study indicating problems such as; the welfare of farmers, the application of price limits for staple goods, and improving the quality of agriculture both natural resources, human resources and the provision of agricultural equipment assistance have not been resolved properly. To build food security, it should be balanced with the application of the concept of food sovereignty which is realized by aligning and maximizing competence between political resources, environmental resources capacity, and environmental diplomacy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balakrishnan, K. P., Lalithambika Devi, C. B. 1984. Development and Ecodisaster: A Lesson From Cochin Backwater System. Water Science and Technology, vol. 16, no. 3-4, p. 707-716. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1984.0105

Beuchelt, T. D., Virchow, D. 2012. Food sovereignty or the human right to adequate food: Which concept serves better as international development policy for global hunger and poverty reduction? Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 29. no. 2, p. 259-273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-012-9355-0

Bosona, T., Gebresenbet, G. 2018. Swedish consumers’ perception of food quality and sustainability in relation to organic food production. Foods, vol. 7, no. 4, 17 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7040054

Bush-Kaufman, A., Barale, K., Walsh, M., Sero, R. 2019. In-Depth Qualitative Interviews to Explore Healthy Environment Strategies in Food Pantries in the Western United States. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 119, no. 10, p. 1632-1643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2019.05.010

Chanpiwat, P., Kim, K. W. 2019. Arsenic health risk assessment related to rice consumption behaviors in adults living in Northern Thailand. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 191, 12 p. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7836-y

Davidson, J. S. 2018. Then and Now: Campaigns to achieve rice self-sufficiency in Indonesia. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- En Volkenkunde, vol. 174, no. 2-3, p. 188-215. https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-17402001

Deichmann, U., Meisner, C., Murray, S., Wheeler, D. 2011. The economics of renewable energy expansion in rural Sub-Saharan Africa. Energy Policy, vol. 39, no. 1, p. 215-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.09.034

Di Leo, G., Sardanelli, F. 2020. Statistical significance: p value, 0.05 threshold, and applications to radiomics - reasons for a conservative approach. European Radiology Experimental, vol. 4, no. 1, 8 p. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41747-020-0145-y

Fischer, F. 2009. Democracy and Epertise: Reorienting, Policy Inquiry. 1st edition, Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press, 304 p. ISBN: 978-0199565245.

Gao, B., Huang, W., Xue, X., Hu, Y., Huang, Y., Wang, L., Ding, S., Cui, S. 2019. Comprehensive environmental assessment of potato as staple food policy in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 15, 19 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152700

Gossai, A., Zens, M. S., Punshon, T., Jackson, B. P., Perry, A. E., Karagas, M. R. 2017. Rice consumption and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in a United States population. Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 125, no. 9, 8 p. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1065

Haimoto, H., Watanabe, S., Komeda, M., Wakai, K. 2018. The impact of carbohydrate intake and its sources on hemoglobin A1c levels in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes not taking anti-diabetic medication. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, vol. 11, p. 53-64. https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S154839

Hashmi, M., Carlson, K. 2012. Interdisciplinary Model for Infusing Food Security into STEM Curriculum. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 129-141.

Helms, M. 2004. Food sustainability, food security and the environment. British Food Journal, vol. 106, no. 5, p. 380-387. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070700410531606

Hossain, N. 2018. How the international media framed ‘food riots’ during the global food crises of 2007-12. Food Security, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 677-688. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-018-0802-7

Ji, K., Magnus, J. R., Wang, W. 2014. Natural Resources, Institutional Quality, and Economic Growth in China. Environmental and Resource Economics, vol. 57, no. 3, p. 323-343. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-018-0802-7

Katikireddi, S. V., Bond, L., Hilton, S. 2014. Perspectives on econometric modelling to inform policy: A UK qualitative case study of minimum unit pricing of alcohol. European Journal of Public Health, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 490-495. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckt206

Kotykova, O., Babych, M., Krylova, I. 2020. Forming the System of Food Security Indicators Following the Criteria of the SDGs-2030. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 14, p. 1055-1065. https://doi.org/10.5219/1443

Kunto, Y. S., Bras, H. 2018. Women’s empowerment and gender inequality in adolescent nutritional status: evidence from the Indonesian family life survey. Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 50, no. 5, p. 640-665. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000566

Maraseni, T. N., Deo, R. C., Qu, J., Gentle, P., Neupane, P. R. 2018. An international comparison of rice consumption behaviours and greenhouse gas emissions from rice production. Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 172, p. 2288-2300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.182

Neilson, J., Wright, J. 2017. The state and food security discourses of Indonesia: feeding the bangsa. Geographical Research, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 131-143. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12210

Nugroho, B. D. A., Toriyama, K., Kobayashi, K., Arif, C., Yokoyama, S., Mizoguchi, M. 2018. Effect of intermittent irrigation following the system of rice intensification (SRI) on rice yield in a farmer’s paddy fields in Indonesia. Paddy and Water Environment, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 715-723. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10333-018-0663-x

Patunru, A. A. 2019. Rising economic nationalism in Indonesia. In Hill, H. and Dharma Negara, S. The Indonesian Economy in Transition. Singapur, Singapur : ISEAS Publishing, 452, p. ISBN: 9789814843102. https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814843102-009

Purba, K. F., Yazid, M., Hasmeda, M., Adriani, D., Tafarini, M. F. 2020. Technical efficiency and factors affecting rice production in tidal lowlands of South Sumatra province Indonesia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 14, p. 101-111. https://doi.org/10.5219/1287

Rahmann, G., Grimm, D., Kuenz, A., Hessel, E. 2020. Combining land-based organic and landless food production: a concept for a circular and sustainable food chain for Africa in 2100. Organic Agriculture, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-019-00247-5

Scerri, A. 2010. Accounting for sustainability: Implementing a residential emissions reduction strategy using an approach that combines qualitative and quantitative “indicators” of sustainability. Management of Environmental Quality, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 122-135. https://doi.org/10.1108/14777831011010900

Schoonenboom, J., Johnson, R. B. 2017. How to Construct a Mixed Methods Research Design. KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, vol. 69, p. 107-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11577-017-0454-1

Schreer, V., Padmanabhan, M. 2020. The many meanings of organic farming: framing food security and food sovereignty in Indonesia. Organic Agriculture, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 327-338. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-019-00277-z

Serra, M., Psarra, S., O’Brien, J. 2018. Social and physical characterization of urban contexts: Techniques and methods for quantification, classification and purposive sampling. Urban Planning, vol. 3, no. 1, 58-74. https://doi.org/10.17645/up.v3i1.1269

Sharma, P., Daugbjerg, C. 2020. The troubled path to food sovereignty in Nepal: ambiguities in agricultural policy reform. Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 37, no. 2, p. 311-323. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-019-09988-1

Shilomboleni, H. 2017. A sustainability assessment framework for the African green revolution and food sovereignty models in southern Africa. Cogent Food & Agriculture, vol. 3, no. 1, 17 p. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2017.1328150

Shoaib, S. A., Kaiser Khan, M. Z., Sultana, N., Mahmood, T. H. 2021. Quantifying Uncertainty in Food Security Modeling. Agriculture, vol. 11, no. 1, 16 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11010033

Sugiyanto, E., Djumadin, Z., Digdowiseiso, K. 2018. Irrigation planning in the era of local autonomy: An analysis of existing and alternative model. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 692-704. https://doi.org/10.14505/jarle.v92(32).31

Surahman, A., Soni, P., Shivakoti, G. P. 2018. Are peatland farming systems sustainable? Case study on assessing existing farming systems in the peatland of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/1943815X.2017.1412326

Szűcs, V., Szabó, E., Bánáti, D. 2013. Short overview of food consumption databases. Czech Journal of Food Sciences, vol. 31, no. 6, p. 541-546. https://doi.org/10.17221/160/2013-CJFS

Timmer, C. P. 2014. Food Security in Asia and the Pacific: The Rapidly Changing Role of Rice. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 73-90. https://doi.org/10.1002/app5.6

Utami, A. W., Cramer, L. A., Rosenberger, N. 2018. Staple food diversification versus Raskin: Developing climate change resilience in rural Indonesia. Human Organization, vol. 77, no. 4, p. 359-370. https://doi.org/10.17730/0018-7259.77.4.359

Warr, P. 2005. Food policy and poverty in Indonesia: A general equilibrium analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 49, no. 4, p. 429-451. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8489.2005.00312.x

Wennberg, M., Tornevi, A., Johansson, I., Hörnell, A., Norberg, M., Bergdahl, I. A. 2012. Diet and lifestyle factors associated with fish consumption in men and women: A study of whether gender differences can result in gender-specific confounding. Nutrition Journal, vol. 11, no. 1, 6 p. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-11-101

Worsley, A., Blaschea, R., Ball, K., Crawford, D. 2004. The relationship between education and food consumption in the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey. Public Health Nutrition, vol. 7, no. 5, p. 649-663. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2003577

Yang, Q., Zhang, F., Jiang, Z., Yuan, D., Jiang, Y. 2016. Assessment of water resource carrying capacity in karst area of Southwest China. Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 75, no. 1, 8 p. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-015-4816-6

Yeboah-Assiamah, E., Musah-Surugu, I. J., Bawole, J. N., Nurudeen, S. 2015. The ‘Third Sector’ and Poverty Reduction in Developing Societies: The Experience of Hunger Project in Selected Rural Communities of Ghana. International Journal of Rural Management, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 85-110. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973005215601944

Yu, J., Wu, J. 2018. The sustainability of agricultural development in China: The agriculture-environment nexus. Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 6, 17 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061776

Yuniarti, D. 2010. Agreement on Agriculture and Indonesian rice import. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 289-302. Available at: http://journal.uii.ac.id/JEP/article/viewFile/2315/2113

Published

2021-05-28

How to Cite

Kusumawardani, A., Laksmono, B. S., Setyawati, L., & Soesilo, T. E. B. (2021). A policy construction for sustainable rice food sovereignty in Indonesia. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 484–496. https://doi.org/10.5219/1533