Consumption dietary sources of lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin among young adults living in megapolis

Authors

  • Aleksei Korolev IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992487344 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2294-7444
  • Ekaterina Kirpichenkova IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +7985800818 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7594-8336
  • Elena Nikitenko IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992484865 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2294-7444
  • Elena Denisova IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992484888 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5141-1841
  • Elena Fanda IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992483055 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7547-5658
  • Irina Barasheva IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992483055 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5100-0890
  • Roman Fetisov IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992486756 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1507-0672
  • Olga Popova IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992485537 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2799-0254
  • Lubov Kuznetsova IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992485537
  • Ekaterina Petrova IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Human Ecology and Environmental Hygiene, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 2/2, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation, Tel.: +74992483055

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/1633

Keywords:

lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, dietary source, diet

Abstract

Carotenoids are natural antioxidants, affecting apoptosis, absorbing active forms of oxygen, and improving visual performance through their blue light filtering capabilities. Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids of the macular pigment that play a significant role in protecting against age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy. We analyzed the dietary sources of lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin of young adults living in a megapolis. We analyzed 431 food frequency questionnaires and used two different criteria for comparison: age (groups A1 and A2) and season (groups S1, spring, and S2, autumn). Raw red tomatoes and eggs are the main sources of carotenoids for the majority of respondents regardless of age and season. Significant differences between age groups were found for parsley, carrot, cheeseburger, and spring onion. Foods with high levels of carotenoids (tomato juice, pumpkin, spinach, and sprouts) were absent in the diets of most of the study participants. Watermelons and persimmons are seasonal sources of lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Dietary sources of carotenoids are present in insufficient quantities in the diets. Foods with high levels of lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin are absent or only occasionally included in the diet.

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Published

2021-10-28

How to Cite

Korolev, A., Kirpichenkova, E., Nikitenko, E., Denisova, E., Fanda, E. ., Barasheva, I., Fetisov, R., Popova, O., Kuznetsova, L., & Petrova, E. (2021). Consumption dietary sources of lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin among young adults living in megapolis. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 15, 917–925. https://doi.org/10.5219/1633