The influence of feeding GMO-peas on growth of animal models

Authors

  • Petr Mares Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Tunde Jurikova Pokorna Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for education of pedagogics, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra
  • Jiri Sochor Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Horticulturae, Department of viticulture and enology, Valtická 337, 691 44 Lednice
  • Ladislav Zeman Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Mojmir Baron Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Horticulturae, Department of viticulture and enology, Valtická 337, 691 44 Lednice
  • Jiri Mlcek Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Faculty of Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, T. G. Masaryk Sq. 275, 762 72 Zlin
  • Stefan Balla Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for education of pedagogics, Drazovska 4, 949 74 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/322

Keywords:

geneticaly modified crops, pea preclinical studies

Abstract

Introduction of genetically modified (GM) food or feed into the commercial sale represents a very complicated process. One of the most important steps in approval process is the evaluation of all risks on the health status of people and animal models. Within our project the genetically modified peas was breeded that showed significant resistance against Pea seed-borne mosaic virus and Pea enation mosaic virus. Preclinical studies have been conducted to found out the effect of GMO peas on animals - rats of outbreeding line Wistar. In a total, 24 male, specific pathogen free Wistar rats were used in the experiment. At the beginning of the experiment, the animals were 28 days old. The three experimental groups with 8 individuals were created. The first group of rats was fed with GMO peas, the second group of rats consumed mix of pea cultivar Raman and the third group was control without pea addition (wheat and soya were used instead of pea). In the present study we focused our attention on health, growth and utility features of rats fed with GM pea. All characteristic were observed during the experiment lasting 35 days. Consumed feed was weighted daily and the weight of the animals was measured every seven days. The average values were compared within the groups. The aim of the experiment was to verify if resistant lines of pea influence the weight growth of animal models. The results of our experiment showed that even a high concentration (30% of GM pea) did not influence growth rate of rats to compare with both rats fed with pea of Raman cultivar and control group. We did not observe any health problems of animal models during the experiment.

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Published

2014-04-16

How to Cite

Mares, P. ., Pokorna, T. J., Sochor, J. ., Zeman, L. ., Baron, M. ., Mlcek, J. ., & Balla, S. . (2014). The influence of feeding GMO-peas on growth of animal models. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 8(1), 20–24. https://doi.org/10.5219/322

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