Effect of chamomile supplements to feeding doses on antimicrobial parameters in poultry

Authors

  • Zuzana Jakubcova Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno
  • Ladislav Zeman Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno
  • Petr Mares Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno
  • Jiri Mlcek Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Faculty of Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, T.G.Masaryk Sq. 275, 762 72 Zlin
  • Tunde Jurikova Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for Teacher Training, Drazovska 4, SK-949 74 Nitra
  • Lenka Dostalova Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Zemědělská 1, 61300 Brno
  • Eva Mrazkova Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno
  • Eva Mrkvicova Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Nutrition and Forage Production, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno
  • Stefan Balla Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Central European Studies, Institut for Teacher Training, Drazovska 4, SK-949 74 Nitra
  • Jiri Sochor Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Horticulturae, Department of viticulture and enology, Valtická 337, CZ-691 44 Lednice

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/383

Keywords:

poultry, chamomile, Clostridium perfingens, Escherichia coli

Abstract

Due to a ban of use of antibiotic growth promoters in the poultry industry it is necessary to look for alternative solutions. The use of some herbs showing antimicrobial effects can be one of such alternatives. In this experiment, effects of three different concentrations of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) extract, (0.3%; 0.6% and 1.2%) in feeding doses on the microbial population in the gastrointestinal tract of growing broiler chickens were studied. The main attention was paid to the population of Clostridium perfringens and to numbers of coliform microbes. Clostridia were cultivated under anaerobic conditions at 46 °C on the Tryptone Sulfite Neomycin (TSN) agar for a period of 24 hours. Coliform microbes were grown on the violet red bile lactose (VRBL) agar at 37 °C for a period of 24 hours. The experiment lasted 39 days and involved 80 chicks that were slaughtered in the course of their growth period at the age of 18, 25, 32 and 39 days; there were 5 chicks in each group. The obtained results indicated that increasing doses of chamomile in the feeding ration decreased numbers of coliform microbes in the digestive tract of chicks and also reduced the population of C. perfingens.

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References

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Published

2014-07-10

How to Cite

Jakubcova, Z. ., Zeman, L. ., Mares, P. ., Mlcek, J. ., Jurikova, T. ., Dostalova, L. ., Mrazkova, E. ., Mrkvicova, E. ., Balla, S. ., & Sochor, J. . (2014). Effect of chamomile supplements to feeding doses on antimicrobial parameters in poultry. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 8(1), 228–232. https://doi.org/10.5219/383

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