Morphological characteristic of fruit, drupes and seeds genotypes of Ziziphus jujuba Mill.


  • Olga Grygorieva M. M. Grishko National Botanical Gardens of Ukraine National Academy of Sciences, Timiryazevska 1, 01014 Kiev
  • Vlasta Abrahamová Institute for Biodiversity Conservation and Biosafety, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Margarita Karnatovská Nikita Botanical Garden Research Centre, Nova Kachovka, Sadova 1, 74900 Plodove, Kherson, Tel.: +380 950 844 654
  • Roman Bleha Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Departmen of Carbohydrates and Cereals, Technická 5 166 28 Praha 6, telefon: +420 220 443 116
  • Ján Brindza Institute for Biodiversity Conservation and Biosafety, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra



Ziziphus jujuba Mill., variability, morphological characteristics, fruit, stones, seed


The aim of this work is to discriminate 28 Ziziphus jujuba Mill. genotypes (ZJ-01 - ZJ-28) based on weight and morphological characteristics of fruit, stones and seeds. These genotypes maintained in a clone repository (Nova Kachovka, Ukraine) were chosen for investigation as potential species for cultivation and use in Slovakia. The fruits were collected at the period of their full maturity (October); their morphometric parameters were following: weight from 2.90 g (ZJ-13) to 28.99 g (ZJ-22), length from 20.73 mm (ZJ-08) to 44.84 mm (ZJ-04), and width from 16.64 mm (ZJ-13) to 38.87 mm (ZJ-22). Isolated stones were also analysed, and their weight was from 0.173 g (ZJ-07) to 0.731 g (ZJ-20), length from 12.84 mm (ZJ-08) to 28.67 mm (ZJ-04), and width from 5.06 mm (ZJ-07) to 9.74 mm (ZJ-01). The weight of the seeds was ranging from 20.00 mg (ZJ-25) to 69.11 mg (ZJ-12), length from 7.24 mm (ZJ-15) to 11.85 mm (ZJ-04), and width was from 3.86 mm (ZJ-05) to 6.84 mm (ZJ-12). Significant differences in the size, shape and color of fruits, stones and seeds were also identified. The pulp, seedless stones and seeds constitute 92.81% (ZJ-26) - 98.32% (ZJ-04), 1.36% (ZJ-04) - 6.27% (ZJ-20), and 0.25% (QA-24, QA-25) - 1.21% (ZJ-16) of the total fruits weight, respectively The shape index of the fruits was found in the range of 1.04 (ZJ-08) to 2.00 (ZJ-12 and ZJ-25). The shape indexes of stones and seeds were found ranging from 1.74 (ZJ-08) to 4.53 (ZJ-05) and from 1.32 (ZJ-23) to 2.74 (ZJ-04), respectively. The relative weight of pulp was determined in the range from 92.76% (ZJ-13) to 98.32% (ZJ-04) and the relative weight of seed was determined in the range of 0.25% (ZJ-24 and ZJ-25) to 1.16% (ZJ-26). The Chinese jujube genotypes of this study were grouped based on hierarchical clustering of the fruit, stone and seed characteristics.


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How to Cite

Grygorieva, O. ., Abrahamová, V. ., Karnatovská, M. ., Bleha, R. ., & Brindza, J. . (2014). Morphological characteristic of fruit, drupes and seeds genotypes of Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 8(1), 306–314.

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