The prevalence of Salmonella infections in laying hen flocks producing eggs and their impact on the public health

Authors

  • Ľubomí­r Lopašovský Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Lucia Zeleňáková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Martina Fikselová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Alica Bobková Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Simona Kunová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Marek Bobko Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Marek Šnirc Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/461

Keywords:

Salmonella spp., laying hens, eggs, salmonellosis, legislation

Abstract

Since 2008, Slovakia has implemented the National control program of Salmonella infections in laying hen flocks. This program requires the farm operators to monitor and investigate the invasive types of Salmonella (S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium) according to STN ISO 6579. The aim of this study was to perform a microbiological examination of dust and chicken droppings samples of laying hens in the Trenčín region for the presence of Salmonella by Horizontal method according to STN ISO 6579: 2002, to compare results with the statistics across Slovakia and selected EU countries and to evaluate the impact of official controls of salmonellosis in animals and humans.  In the years 2009 - 2013 in the Trenčín region, 730 samples of dust from the conveyor belts and droppings of laying hens were taken to determine the prevalence of Salmonella in individual rearings. In these years, the incidence of positive samples was found from 0% to 29.17%. For the period from 2009 till 2013 was reported 22833 salmonellosis cases in human population of Slovakia, while in the Trenčín region it was 2636. Five-year EU-trend (2009 - 2013) showed a statistically significant decrease of salmonellosis occurence (with a mean reduction of 12% per year). The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed in order to provide in-depth epidemiological assessment of salmonellosis cases in Trenčin region in relation to selected characters: etiological agens, transmission mechanism, age, location as well as seasonality of infection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Angelovičová, M., Kliment, M., Mrázová, Ľ., Tkáčová, J., Kráľ, M., Alfaig, E., Lopašovský, Ľ. 2012. The effect of reduction concentrations of the broiler chickens per unit area on the final live weight and production economics. Potravinarstvo. vol. 6, no. 2, p. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.5219/198

Angelovičová, M., Mellen, M., Zdechovanová, J. 2013 a. Applying the principles of welfare and a quality of production in the organic farm of the laying hens. Potravinarstvo. vol. 7, no. 1, p. 120-129. https://doi.org/10.5219/298

Angelovičová, M., Alfaig, E., Král, M., Tkáčová, J. 2013 b. The effect of the probiotics bacillus subtilis (pb6) on the selected indicators of the table eggs quality, fat and cholesterol. Potravinarstvo. vol. 7, no. 1, p. 80-84. https://doi.org/10.5219/271

Clarkson, L. S., Tobin-D'angelo, M., Shuler, C., Hanna, S., Benson, J., Voetsch, C. 2010. Sporadic Salmonella enterica serotype Javiana infections in Georgia and Tennessee: a hypothesis-generating study. Epidemiol Infect., vol. 138, no. 3, p. 340-346. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268809990586 PMid:19723360

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 517/2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 2160/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards a Union target for the reduction of the prevalence of certain Salmonella serotypes in laying hens of Gallus gallus and amending Regulation (EC) No. 2160/2003 and Commission Regulation (EU) No. 200/2010.

Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1177/2006 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 2160/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards requirements for the use of specific control methods in the framework of the national programmes for the control of Salmonella in poultry.

Cwiková, O., Nedomová, Š. 2014. Microbiological quality of egg liquid products. Potravinarstvo. vol. 8, no. 1, p. 114-118. https://doi.org/10.5219/351

D’aoust, J. Y., Maurer, J., 2007. Salmonella species. Food microbiology. Fundamentals and frontiers 3rd ed. Doyle, M. P., Beuchat, L. R. (Eds.). Washington, DC: ASM, p. 187-236.

Dev, S. R. S., Keklik, N. M., Demirci, A., Raghavan, G. S. V. 2013. Microbiological safety and decontamination of chicken eggs. Eggs: Nutrition, Consumption and Health.

p. 129-161. [cit. 2013-12-05] Available at: https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=22651

EFSA Journal, 2008. Scientific opinion of the Panel on Biological Hazards on a request from the European Commission on A quantitative microbiological risk assessment on Salmonella in meat: source attribution for human salmonellosis from meat. 625, p. 1-32. [cit. 2015-03-05] Available at: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/scdocs/doc/625.pdf

EFSA JOURNAL. 2011. The European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in 2009, Salmonella, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 22-107. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2090

EFSA JOURNAL. 2012. The European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in 2010, Salmonella, vol. 10,

no. 3, p. 22-111. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2597

EFSA JOURNAL. 2013. The European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in 2011, Salmonella, vol. 11,

no. 4, p. 19-73. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3129

EFSA JOURNAL. 2014. The European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in 2012, Salmonella, vol. 12,

no. 2, p. 20-98. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3547

Englmaierová, M., Tůmová, E. 2007. Kvalita vajec v závislosti na systému ustájení (Egg quality depending on housting system). Náš chov. vol. 7, no. 67, p. 76-80.

Government Regulation Slovak republic No 626/2004 Z. z. the monitoring of zoonoses and zoonotic agents.

Jamborová, M. 2012. Hydina a vajcia. Situačná a výhľadová správa k 31. 12. 2011. (Poultry and eggs. Situation and Outlook report) 2012 [online] Bratislava: VÚEPP.

[cit. 2014-03-27]. p. 27. ISSN 1338-7884. Available at: http://www.vuepp.sk/dokumenty/komodity/2012/hydina.pdf

Kangas, S., Lyytikäinen, T., Peltola, J., Ranta, J., Maijala, R. 2007. Cost of two alternative Salmonella control policies in Finnish broiler production. Acta Vet. Scand. vol. 49, no. 35, p. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-49-35

Lahuerta, A., Westrell, T., Takkinen, J., Boelaert, F., Rizzi, V., Helwigh, B., Borck, B., Korsgaard, H., Ammon, A., Mäkelä, P. 2011. Zoonoses in the European Union: origin, distribution and dynamics - the EFSA-ECDC summary report 2009. Euro Surveill. vol. 16, no. 13, [cit. 2011-09-16] Available at: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/images/dynamic/EE/V16N13/art19832.pdf

Latimer, H. K., Marks, H. M., Coleman, M. E., Schlosser, W. D., Golden, N. J., Ebel, E. D., Kause, J., Schroeder, C. M. 2008. Evaluating the effectiveness of pasteurization for reducing human illnesses from Salmonella spp. in egg products: results of a quantitative risk assessment. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. vol. 5, no 1, p. 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2007.0041 PMid:18260816

Medveď, J., Angelovičová, M. 2010. Quality of broiler´s production on the farm in the application of welfare. Potravinarstvo. vol. 4, no. 4, p. 44-47. https://doi.org/10.5219/65

Mirmomeni, M. H., Naderi, S., Hosseinzadeh Colagar, A., Sisakhtnezhad, S. 2009. Isolation of Salmonella Enteritidis Using Biochemical Tests and Diagnostic Potential of SdfI Amplified Gene. Research Journal of Biological Sciences. vol. 4, p. 656-661. [cit. 2015-03-05] Available at: http://www.medwelljournals.com/fulltext/?doi=rjbsci.2009.656.661

Montserrat, M. M., Yuste, J. 2010. Emerging Bacterial Pathogens in Meat and Poultry: An Overview. Food and Bioprocess Technology. vol. 3, no. 1, p. 24-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-009-0189-8

Nabila, H., Maillart, G., Garénaux, A., Jugiau, F., Federighi, M., Cappelier, J. M. 2010. Adhesion Ability of Campylobacter jejuni to Ht-29 Cells Increases with the Augmentation of Oxidant Agent Concentration. Current Microbiology. vol. 61, no. 6, p. 500-505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00284-010-9644-z

Németh, C., Mráz, B., Friedrich, L., Suhajda, A., Janzsó, B., Balla, C. 2011. Microbiological measurements for the development of a new preservation procedure for liquid egg. Czech J. Food Sci. vol. 29, p. 569-574. [cit. 2013-12-02]. http://www.agricultureJournals.cz/publicFiles/51685.pdf

Pires, S. M., Evers, E. G., Van Pelt, W., Ayers, T., Scallan, E., Angulo, F. J., Havelaar, A., Hald, T. 2009. Attributing the Human Disease Burden of Foodborne Infections to Specific Sources. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. vol. 6, no. 4, p. 417-424. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2008.0208

Regulation (EC) No 2160/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 on the control of Salmonella and other specified food-borne zoonotic agents

STN EN ISO 6579:2002 Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs - the Horizontal method for the detection of Salmonella spp.

Tam, C. C., Rodrigues, L. C., O’brien, S. J. 2003. The study of infectious intestinal disease in England: what risk factors for presentation to general practice tell us about potential for selection vias in case-control studies of reported cases of diarrhoea. International Journal of Epidemiology. vol. 32, no. 1, p. 99-105. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyg007

Voetsch, A. C. 2004. FoodNet estimate of the burden of illness caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases. vol. 38, no. 3,

p. 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1086/381578

Zákon č. 39/2007 Z.z. o veterinárnej starostlivosti (Act. 39/2007 Coll. on veterinary care). [cit. 2014-03-27] Available at: http://www.svssr.sk/legislativa/zakon_39_2007.asp

Zeleňáková, L., Žiarovska, J., Kračmar, S., Mura, L., Kozelová, D., Lopašovsky, Ľ., Kunová, S., Tináková, K. 2012. Application of epidemiolgical information system (epis) in the Slovak republic within the surveillance of salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis outbreaks in the european union (2001–2010). Acta universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae mendelianae brunensis. vol. 60, no. 1, p. 45-48. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201260010189

Žiarovská, J., Fernández, Eloy C., Millela, L. 2013. A revised ITS nucleotide sequence gives a specifity for Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp. and Endl.) and its products identification. Genetika. vol. 45, p. 217-226. https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1301217Z

Downloads

Published

2015-07-07

How to Cite

Lopašovský, Ľubomí­r ., Zeleňáková, L. ., Fikselová, M. ., Bobková, A. ., Kunová, S. ., Bobko, M. ., & Šnirc, M. . (2015). The prevalence of Salmonella infections in laying hen flocks producing eggs and their impact on the public health. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 9(1), 228–236. https://doi.org/10.5219/461

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 > >>