Quantitative indicators of fruit and vegetable consumption


  • Dagmar Kozelová Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Slovak University of Agriculture, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Dana Országhová Slovak University of Agriculture, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Milan Fiľa Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information, Lamačská cesta 8/A, 811 04 Bratislava
  • Zuzana Čmiková Slovak University of Agriculture, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra




fruit, vegetable, consumption, consumer, behavior, respondent


The quantitative research of the market is often based on surveys and questionnaires which are finding out the behavior of customers in observed areas. Before purchasing process consumers consider where they will buy fruit and vegetables, what kind to choose and in what quantity of goods. Consumers' behavior is affected by the factors as: regional gastronomic traditions, price, product appearance, aroma, place of buying, own experience and knowledge, taste preferences as well as specific health issues of consumers and others. The consumption of fruit and vegetables brings into the human body biological active substances that favorably affect the health of consumers. In the presented research study we were interested in differences of consumers' behavior in the consumption of fruit and vegetables according to the place of residence and gender. In the survey 200 respondents has participated; their place of residence was city or village. The existence of dependences and statistical significance were examined by selected statistical testing methods. Firstly we analyzed the responses via statistical F-test whether observed random samples have the same variance. Then we applied two-sample unpaired t-test with equal variance and χ2-test of statistical independence. The statistical significance was tested by corresponding p values. Correlations were proved by the Cramer's V coefficient. We found that place of residence has no impact on the respondents' consumption of fruit. The gender of respondents does not affect their consumption of fruit. Equally, the gender does not affect the respondents' consumption of vegetables. Only in one observed case the significant differences proved that the place of respondent residence has impact on the consumption of vegetables. Higher consumption of vegetables is due to the fact that the majority of citizens, who live in villages, have a possibility to grow their own vegetables and, thus, the demand for it in village shops is low.


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How to Cite

Kozelová, D. ., Országhová, D. ., Fiľa, M. ., & Čmiková, Z. . (2015). Quantitative indicators of fruit and vegetable consumption. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 9(1), 487–493. https://doi.org/10.5219/570

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