Relation between selected nutrients in the chicken meat depending on phytogenic feed additives
Keywords:phytogenic feed additive, breast and thigh muscle, chicken meat, nutrient
The aim of study was to evaluate the relation between selected nutrients in the breast and thigh muscles after the application of different phytogenic additives in the diet of broiler chickens and between same indicators of meat disregarding additive and parts of carcass, from which muscles originate. We realized an in vivo experiment on the Zámostie Company poultry test station with deep litter breeding system. The experiment included 100 pcs of one-day-old hybrid chickens Cobb 500 divided into 2 groups (n = 50): the 1st experimental group with an application of feed additive from chestnut tree and lemon fruit extracts and the 2nd experimental group with an application of feed additive from citrus fruits extract. We used a cereal and soybean basal diet and we divided the fattening period into four phases: starter (1 - 10 days), grower I (11 - 20 days), grower II (21 - 28 days) and finisher (29 - 42 days). We applied a powder form feed mixtures. Nutritive value of feed mixtures was the same in each experimental group during the whole experiment and in accordance with the physiological needs of broiler chickens. We fed the 1st experimental group with a basal diet enriched by feed additive from chestnut tree and lemon fruit extracts (50 g/100 kg). As for the 2nd experimental group, we applied feed additive from citrus fruits extracts through the drinking water (100 mL/100 L). In the 2nd part of our experiment, we compared results obtained from two experimental groups with other four groups of diet. We applied other phytogenic additives to these four groups and we did not take into account the origin of the meat sample. We measured indicators of the chemical composition of protein, fat, water and cholesterol on a sample (50 g) of breast and thigh muscle without skin by the method of FT IR by use of the apparatus Nicolet 6700. Detected relations between nutrients of breast and thigh muscles were defined by correlation coefficient of -0.6 ≤ r ≥ +0.6. When additive with chestnut tree and lemon fruit extracts was used, we detected a negative correlation (p ≤0.01) between protein and cholesterol of breast muscle. In thigh muscle, the negative correlation was observed between protein and energy (p ≤0.05), protein and fat (p ≤0.01) as well as fat and water. The only positive correlation was detected between protein and cholesterol of breast muscle (p ≤0.01), with additive citrus fruits extract. When nutrition and parts of carcass, from which muscles originate, were disregarded, protein of meat increased, energy and fat decreased (p ≤0.001). When fat of meat increased, energy increased (p >0.05) as well, but water decreased (p ≤0.05; p ≤0.001).
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