Effect of peroral supplementation with selenium and vitamin e during late pregnancy on udder health and milk quality in dairy cows

Authors

  • Milan Vasiľ University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Animal Husbandry, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice
  • František Zigo University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Animal Husbandry, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice
  • Juraj Elečko University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Animal Husbandry, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice
  • Martina Zigová Pavol Jozef Šafárik University of Košice, Department of Pharmacology, Šrobárova 1014/2, 040 01 Košice
  • Zuzana Farkašová University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Animal Husbandry, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/766

Keywords:

dairy cows, selenium, vitamin E, mastitis, SCC

Abstract

The aim of the experiment was to study selenium and vitamin E sources in the diet of dairy cows in late phase of pregnancy and their effects on udder health and milk quality during the first two weeks after calving. The experiment included 48 cows of Holstein breed divided into four equal groups (n = 12). The first experimental group (D1) was fed with addition of vitamin E in total dose of 1020 dl-a-tocopherol acetate Se/cow per day. The second group (D2) was added the selenium at a dose of 0.3 mg.kg-1 of DM in form of sodium selenite. The third group (D3) was supplemented with addition of vitamin E in combination with sodium selenite in total dose of 1020 dl-a-tocopherol acetate Se/cow per day and of 5.0 mg Se/cow per day, respectively. The control group (C) was without the addition of selenium and vitamin E. In group (D2) with addition of selenium at a dose of 0.3 mg.kg-1 of DM and vitamin E a dose of 50 mg dl-a-tocopherol acetate/kg of DM in diet, increased the plasmatic concentration of selenium and vitamin E and reduced the incidence of mastitis by 13.3% and number of somatic cells during peripartal period in comparison with other groups.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Batra, T. R., Hidirogloul, M., Smith, M. V. 1992. Effect of vitamin E on incidence of mastitis in dairy cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, vol. 72, no. 2, p. 287-297. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas92-036

Bouwstra, R. J., Nielen, M., Stegeman, J. A., Dobbelaar, P., Newbold, J. R, Jansen, E. H., Van Werven, T. 2010. Vitamin E supplementation during the dry period in dairy cattle. Part I: adverse effect on incidence of mastitis postpartum in a double-blind randomized field trial. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 93, no. 12, p. 5684-5695. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3159 PMid:21094740

Hess, D., Keller, H. E., Oberlin, B., Bonfanti, R., Schüep, W. 1991. Simultaneous determination of retinol, tocopherols, carotenes and lycopene in plasma by means of high-performance liquid chromatography on reversed phase. International Journal for Vitamim and Nutrition Research, vol. 61, no. 3, p. 232-238. PMid:1794952

Horký, P. 2014. Effect of protein concentrate supplement on the qualitative and quantitative parameters of milk from dairy cows in organic farming. Annals of Animal Science, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 341-352. https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2014-0008

Horký, P. 2015. Effect of selenium on its content in milk and performance of dairy cows in ecological farming. Potravinarstvo, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 324-329. https://doi.org/10.5219/492

Jackson, P., Cockcroft, P. 2002. Clinical Examination of Farm Animals. Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd, Wiley-Blackwell, p. 154-166. ISBN 0-632-05706-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470752425

Kafilzadeh, F., Kheirmanesh, H., Karami Shabankareh, H., Targhibi, M. R., Maleki, E., Ebrahimi, M., Yong Meng, G. 2014. Comparing the effect of oral supplementation of vitamin e, injective vitamin e and selenium or both during late pregnancy on production and reproductive performance and immune function of dairy cows and calves. Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, p. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/165841 PMid:25045726

Lacetera, N., Bernabucci, U., Ronchi, B., Nardone, A. 1996. Effects of selenium and vitamin E administration during a late stage of pregnancy on colostrum and milk production in dairy cows, and on passive immunity and growth of their offspring. American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 57, no. 12, p. 1776-1780. PMid:8950434

Meyer, U., Heerdegen, K., Schenkel, H., Dänicke, S., Flachowsky, G. 2014. Influence of various selenium sources on selenium concentration in the milk of dairy cows. Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00003-014-0870-3

Mohri, M., Seifi, H. A, Khodadadi, J. 2005. Effects of preweaning parenteral supplementation of vitamin E and selenium on hematology, serum proteins, and weight gain in dairy calves. Comparative Clinical Pathology, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00580-005-0581-3

NRC. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th ed. Washington, DC : National Academy Press. 408 p. ISBN: 978-309-06997-7.

Pavlata, L., Prasek, J., Filipek, A., Pechova, A. 2004. Influence of parenteral administration of selenium and vitamin E during pregnancy on selected metabolic parameters and colostrum quality in dairy cows at parturition. Veterinární Medicína, vol. 49, no. 5, p. 149-155.

Pechova, A., Pavlata, L., Illek, J. 2005. Blood and tissue selenium determination by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Acta Veterinaria Brno, vol. 74, p. 483-490. https://doi.org/10.2754/avb200574040483

Politis, I. M., Hidiroglou, J. H., White, J., Gilmore, S. N., Williams, H. Scherf, H., Frigg, M. 1996. Effects of vitamin E on mammary and blood leukocyte function with emphasis on chemotaxis in periparturient dairy cows. American Journal of Veterinary Research, p. vol. 57, no. 4, p. 468-471.

Smith, K. L., Hogan, J. S., Weiss, W. P. 1997. Dietary vitamin E and selenium affect mastitis and milk quality. Journal of Animal Science, vol. 75, no. 6, p. 1659-1665. https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.7561659x PMid:9250530

Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., Lewis, B. A. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 74, no. 10, p. 3583-3597. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2

Downloads

Published

2017-07-10

How to Cite

Vasiľ, M. ., Zigo, F. ., Elečko, J. ., Zigová, M. ., & Farkašová, Z. . (2017). Effect of peroral supplementation with selenium and vitamin e during late pregnancy on udder health and milk quality in dairy cows. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 11(1), 535–538. https://doi.org/10.5219/766

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>