Comparative study on natural plant antibiotics - vegetable and their consumption among college students
Keywords:natural plant antibiotics, garlic, onion, horse-radish, consumption, college students
AbstractThe research study is aimed at evaluation of natural plant antibiotics utilization among college students (554) with different subject study (Pre-school and elementary education, Biology, Regional Tourism, Horticulture, Physical education) from 3 countries - Slovak Republic, Czech Republic and Hungary. The attention has been focused on natural antibiotics in plants - vegetables (garlic, onion and horse radish) and the frequency of their consumption among college students. From the research results there is evident that majority of students had basic knowledge about natural plant antibiotics (85% of respondents) and they utilize them in everyday life (60.3%). The prevailing number of students utilizes synthetic antibiotics only rarely - once a year (33.4%) or never (37.5%). From achieved results about exact plants (garlic, onion and horse radish) consumption, the majority of respondents consume garlic once a week (42.2%); on the daily base the highest usage was noticed in the group of Slovak students with the subject of Physical education (32.1%) that could be considered as statistically different in comparison with the rest of groups. On the contrary, the lowest garlic consumption was noticed for students of biology (23.5%) and only small amount of students (3.6%) claimed that they have never included garlic into their diet. As for the onion, the majority of respondents (42.10%) also consume this commodity once a week; everyday consumption was noticed again especially between Slovak students with the subject of Physical education (32.1%) and Horticulture (31.1%). The results of these groups significantly differed from results of other groups. Third studied vegetable, horse-radish, it has never been consumed by Slovak students of Pre-school and elementary education in Slovak language (47.9%) that has been significantly distinguishable from another groups. Also Hungarian students of Physical education consume this commodity rarely (30.6%) - only once a year. Major part of students (46%) consumes horse-radish once a month. Czech students of Horticulture prefer consummation of horse-radish only once a month (76.8%). The lowest utilization was noticed in groups MU/ H (76.8%) consumed this commodity only monthly. Similarly, students of UP/ PE (30.6%) consumed horse radish only once a year that was significantly lower value in comparison with the rest of evaluated groups.
Al-Daihan, S., Al-Faham, M., Al-shawi, N., Almayman, R., Brnawi, A., Zargar, S., Bhat, R. S. 2013. Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of some medicinal plants commonly used in Saudi Arabia against selected pathogenic microorganisms. Journal of King Saud University - Science, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2012.11.003
Aydin, A., Ersoz, G., Tekesin, O., Akcicek, E., Tuncyurek, M., Batur, Y. 1997. Does garlic oil have a role in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection? Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 8, p. 181-184.
Betoni, J. E., Mantovani, R. P., Barbosa, L. N., Stasi, L. C., Fernandez, Jr. A. 2006. Synergism between plant extract and antimicrobial drugs used on Staphylococcus aureus diseases. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 387-390. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762006000400007
Buhner, S. H. 2012. Herbal antibiotics. 2nd ed. North Adams : Storey Publishing, 480 p. ISBN 978-1-60342-987.
Cowan, M. M. 1999. Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 12, no. 4, p. 564-582. PMCid:PMC88925
Graham, D. Y., Anderson, S. Y., Lang, T. 1994. Garlic or jalapeno peppers for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 94, no. 5., p. 1200-1202. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.01066.x
Elnima, E. I., Ahmed, S. A., Mekkawi, A. G., Mossa, J. S. 1983. The antimicrobial activity of garlic and onion extracts. Die Pharmazie, vol. 38, no. 11, p. 747-748.
Fatrcová-Šramková, K., Nôžková, J., Kačániová, M., Máriássyová, M., Rovná, K., Stričík, M. 2013. Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of monofloral bee pollen. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, vol. 48, no. 2, p. 133-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601234.2013.727664
Hara, O. M., Keifer, D., Farrel, K., Kemper, K. 1998. A review of 12 commonly used medicinal herbs. Archives of Family Medicine, vol. 7, no. 6, p. 523-536. https://doi.org/10.1001/archfami.7.6.523
Jakubcova, Z., Zeman, L., Mares, P., Mlcek, J., Jurikova, T., Dostalova, L., Mrazkova, E., Mrkvicova, E., Balla, S., Sochor, J. 2014. Effect of chamomile supplements to feeding doses on antimicrobial parameters in poultry. Potravinarstvo, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 228-232. https://doi.org/10.5219/383
Juríková, T., Viczayová, I., Mlček, J., Sochor, J., Balla, Š., Baroň, M. 2016. Fruit and vegetable intake among college students in Nitra - comparative study. Potravinarstvo, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 475-480. https://doi.org/10.5219/639
Juríková, T., Viczayová, I., Matejovičová, B. et al. 2015. The evaluation of selected aspects of life style of college students. 1st ed., Nitra : Constantine the Philosopher University, 194 p. ISBN 978-80-558-0930-4. PMCid:PMC4632771
Juríková, T., Viczayová, I., Benčuriková, Ľ. et al. 2016. The evaluation of herbal antibiotics consumption among college students. 1st ed., Nitra : Constantine the Philosopher University, 186 p. ISBN 978-80-558-1083-6.
Juríková, T., Tóthová, N., Viczayová, I., Hegedȕsová, A., Balla, Š., Spáčilová, Z. 2016. Evaluation of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption as Natural Antibiotics in Secondary Schools in the District of Lučenec (Vyhodnotenie konzumácie ovocia a zeleniny ako prírodných antibiotík u stredoškolákov v okrese Lučenec). Záhradníctvo, SPU : Nitra, p. 18-126. ISBN 978-80-552-1538-9.
Kacániová, M., Fatrcová-Sramková, K., Nôzková, J., Melich, M., Kadasi-Horáková, M., Knazovicka, V., Felsöciová, S., Kunová, S., Máriássyová, M. 2010. Antiradical activity of natural honeys and antifungal effect against Penicillium genera. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, vol. 46, no. 1, p. 92-96. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601234.2011.534416
Kim, J. H., 1997. Anti-bacterial action of onion (Allium cepa L.) extracts against oral pathogenic bacteria. The Journal of Nihon University School of Dentistry, vol. 39, no. 3, p. 136-141. https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd1959.39.136
Kim, H. Y., Sarinnart, P., Shik, S. 2015. Antibacterial activities of isothiocyanates extracted from horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) root against Antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Food Science and Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 1029-1034. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10068-015-0131-y
Mahalingam, R., Bharathidasan, R., Ambikapathy, V., Panneerselvam, A. 2011. Studies on antibacterial activity of some medicinal plant against Human pathogenic Micro Organism. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 86-90.
Martin, K. W., Ernst, E. 2003. Herbal medicines for treatment of bacterial infections, review of controlled clinical trials. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 2, p. 241-246. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkg087
Nascimento, G. G. F., Locatelli, J., Freitas, P. C., Silva, G. L. 2000. Antibacterial activity of plant extracts and phytochemicals on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822000000400003
Park, H. W. L., Choi, K. D., Shin, I. S. 2013. Antimicrobial activity of isothiocyanates (ITCs) extracted from horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) root against oral microorganisms. Biocontrol Science, vol. 18, no. 3, p. 163-168. https://doi.org/10.4265/bio.18.163
Silva, N. C. C., Fernandes, J. 2010. Biological properties of medicinal plants: a review of their antimicrobial activity. The Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 402-413. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992010000300006
Valle, D. L., Andrade, J. I., Puzon, J. J. M., Cabrera, E. C., Rivera, W. L. 2015. Antibacterial activities of ethanol extracts of Philippine medicinal plants against multidrug-resistant bacteria. Asian pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, vol. 5, no. 7, p. 532-540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2015.04.005
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).