The effect of dha omega-3 feeding in the high yielding holstein herd

Authors

  • Juraj Karcol Karcol Dairy Consulting, Parkové nábrežie 5, 949 01 Nitra
  • Radovan Kasarda Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding Biology, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Milan Šimko Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Animal Nutrition, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Ondrej Hanušovský Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Animal Nutrition, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/801

Keywords:

cattle, algae, calving rate, milk production

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of supplementary feeding of DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) rich algae product (Algae STM Alltech Inc.) on production of milk, fat and protein as well as on reproduction of high yielding Holstein dairy herd. Field trial was set up on Top 10 dairy farm in western part of Slovakia, under commercial conditions. The data of high yielding dairy cows, separated in two groups of 30 (control) and 29 (trial) animals, were recorded for period of 3 subsequent months from October to December 2015. Animals were fed once a day Total Mixed Ration based diet with different feed mixture composition in trial group (+100 g Algae STM Alltech Inc. per cow and day). Performance data were collected in accordance with official milk recording system of Breeding Services of Slovak Republic s. e. and milk samples were collected once per month according to the A4 standard methodology. The control group showed higher level of milk production compared to trial. Our study indicated that the feeding of algae caused milk fat depression and generally lower protein content in milk. Significant impact of algae feeding was found also for the level of urea in milk. In addition, the supplementary feeding of DHA may represent effective strategy to increase the percentage of pregnancies per inseminations in lactating dairy cows.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ambrose, D. J., Kastelic, J. P., Corbett, R., Pitney, P. A., Petit, H. V., Small, J. A., Zalkovic, P. 2006. Lower Pregnancy Losses in Lactating Dairy Cows Fed a Diet Enriched in α-Linolenic Acid. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 89, no. 8, p. 3066-3074. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72581-4

Angulo, J., Mahecha, L., Nuernberg, K., Nuernberg, G., Dannenberger, D., Olivera, M., Boutinaud, M., Leroux, C., Albrecht, E., BernardL. 2012. Effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids from plant oils and algaeon milk fat yield and composition are associated with mammary lipogenic and SREBF1 gene expression. Animal, vol. 6, no. 12, p. 1961-1972. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731112000845 PMid:22717104

Bauman, D., Griinari, J. 2001. Regulation and nutritional manipulation of milk fat: low-fat milk syndrome. Livestock Production Science, vol. 70, no. 1-2, p. 15-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00195-6

Bernal-Santos, G., Perfield, J. W. 2nd, Barbano, D. M., Bauman, D. E., Overton, T. R. 2003. Production Responses of Dairy Cows to Dietary Supplementation with Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) during the Transition Period and Early Lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 86, no. 10, p. 3218-3228. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73925-3

Bodkowski, R., Czyż, K., Kupczyński, R., Patkowska-Sokoła, B., Nowakowski, P., Wiliczkiewicz, A. 2016. Lipid complex effect on fatty acid profile and chemical composition of cow milk and cheese. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 99, no. 1, p. 57-67. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-9321 PMid:26506539

Boeckaert, C, Vlaeminck, B., Dijkstra J., Issa-Zacharia, A., Van Nespen, T., Van Straalen, W., Fievez, V. 2008. Effect of Dietary Starch or Micro Algae Supplementation on RumenFermentation and Milk Fatty Acid Composition of Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 9, no. 12, p. 4714-4727. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1178 PMid:19038948

Bragaglio, A., Braghieri, A., Napolitano, F., De Rosa, G., Riviezzi, A. M., Surianello, F., Pacelli, C. 2015. Omega-3 supplementation, milk quality and cow immune-competence. Italian Journal of Agronomy, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2015.611

De Veth, M., Bauman, D., Koch, W., Mann, G., Pfeiffer, A., Butler, W. 2009. Efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid for improving reproduction: A multi-study analysis in early-lactation dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 92, no. 6, p. 2662-2669. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1845 PMid:19447999

Dirandeh, E., Towhidi, A., Zeinoaldini, S., Ganjkhanlou, M., Ansari Pirsaraei, Z., Fouladi-Nashta, A. 2012. Effects of different polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementations during the postpartum periods of early lactating dairy cows on milk yield, metabolic responses, and reproductive performances. Journal of Animal Science, vol. 91, no. 2, p. 713-721. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2012-5359 PMid:23148256

Elis, S., Freret, S., Desmarchais, A., Maillard, V., Cognié, J., Briant, E., Dupont, J. 2016. Effect of a long chain n-3 PUFA-enriched diet on production and reproduction variables in Holstein dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science, vol. 164, p. 121-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2015.11.020 PMid:26651949

Frančáková, H., Ivanišová, E., Dráb, Š., Krajčovič, T., Tokár, M., Mareček, J., Musilová, J. 2015. Composition of fatty acids in selected vegetable oils. Potravinarstvo, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 538-542. https://doi.org/10.5219/556

Glover, K. E., Budge, S., Rose, M., Rupasinghe, H. P., Maclaren. L., Green-Johnson, J., Fredeen, A. H. 2012. Effect of feeding fresh forage and marine algae on the fatty acid composition and oxidation of milk and butter. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 95, no. 6, p. 2797-2809. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4736 PMid:22612917

Childs, S., Lynch, C. O., Hennessy, A. A., Stanton, C., Wathes, D. C., Sreenan, J. M., Diskin, M. G., Kenny, D. A. 2008. Effect of dietary enrichment with either n-3 or n-6 fatty acids on systemic metabolite and hormone concentration and ovarian function in heifers. Animal, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 883-893. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731108002115 PMid:22443668

Leroy, J. L. M. R, Sturmey, R. G., Van Hoeck, V., De Bie, J., McKeegan, P. J., Bols, P. E. J. 2013. Dietary lipid supplementation on cow reproductive performance and oocyte and embryo viability: a real benefit? Animal Reproduction Science, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 258-267.

Lucy, M. C. 2001. Reproductive Loss in High-Producing Dairy Cattle: Where Will It End? Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 84, no. 6, p. 1277-1293. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)70158-0

Lum, K. K., Kim, J., Lei, X. G. 2013. Dual potential of microalgae as a sustainable biofuel feedstock and animal feed. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 53. https://doi.org/10.1186/2049-1891-4-53 PMid:24359607

Mattos, R., Staples, C. R., Arteche, A., Wiltbank, M. C., Diaz, F. J., Jenkins, T. C., Thatcher, W. W. 2004.The Effects of Feeding Fish Oil on Uterine Secretion of PGF2α, Milk Composition, and Metabolic Status of Periparturient Holstein Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 87, no. 4, p. 921-932. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73236-1

Moate P. J., Williams, S. R., Hannah, M. C., Eckard, R. J., Auldist, M. J., Ribaux B. E., Jacobs, J. L., Wales, W. J. 2013. Effects of feeding algal meal high in docosahexaenoic acid on feed intake, milk production, and methane emissions in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, vol 96, no. 5, p. 3177-3188. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-6168 PMid:23498011

Nitrayová, S., Brestenský, M., Heger, J., Patráš, P., Rafay, J., Sirotkin, A. 2014. Amino acids and fatty acids profile of chia (Salvia Hispanica L.) And flax (Linum Usitatissimum L.) seed. Potravinarstvo, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 72-76. https://doi.org/10.5219/332

Rodney, R. M., Celi, P., Scott, W., Breinhild, K., Lean, I. J. 2015. Effects of dietary fat on fertility of dairy cattle:A meta-analysis and meta-regression. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 98, no. 8, p. 5601-5620. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-9528 PMid:26094218

SAS Institute Inc. 2012. Administering SAS® Enterprise Guide® 5.1. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.

Stamey, J. A., Shepherd, D. M., de Veth, M. J., Corl, B. A. 2012. Use of algae or algal oil rich in n-3 fatty acids as a feedsupplement for dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 95, no. 9, p. 5269-5275. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5412 PMid:22916931

Thanh, L. P. Suksombat, W. 2015. Milk Yield, Composition, and Fatty Acid Profile in Dairy Cows Fed a High-concentrate Diet Blended with Oil Mixtures Rich in Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Asian Australas. Journal of Animal Science, vol. 28, no. 6, p. 796-806. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.14.0810 PMid:25925057

Thatcher, W., Bilby, T., Bartolome, J., Silvestre, F., Staples, C., Santos, J. 2006. Strategies for improving fertility in the modern dairy cow. Theriogenology, vol. 65, no. 1, p. 30-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2005.10.004 PMid:16280156

Thatcher, W., Santos, J. E. P., Staples, Ch. R. 2011. Dietary manipulations to improve embryonic survival in cattle. Theriogenology, vol. 76, no. 9, p. 1619-1631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.06.005

PMid:21924473

Zachut, M., Dekel, I., Lehrer, H., Arieli, A., Arav, A., Livshitz, L., Moallem, U. 2010. Effects of dietary fats differing in n-6:n-3 ratio fed to high-yielding dairy cows on fatty acid composition of ovarian compartments, follicular status, and oocyte quality. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 93, no. 2, p. 529-545. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2167 PMid:20105525

Zwyrzykowska, A., Kupczynski, R. 2014. Application of dietary fish oil in dairy cow reproduction. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, vol. 38, no. 6, p. 618-624. https://doi.org/10.3906/vet-1404-57

Downloads

Published

2017-06-19

How to Cite

Karcol, J. ., Kasarda, R. ., Šimko, M. ., & Hanušovský, O. . (2017). The effect of dha omega-3 feeding in the high yielding holstein herd. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 11(1), 431–435. https://doi.org/10.5219/801

Most read articles by the same author(s)