Quantitative and qualitative parameters in Acorn squash cultivar in the conditions of the Slovak Republic

Authors

  • Miroslav Šlosár Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Ivana Mezeyová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Alžbeta Hegedűsová Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Vegetable Production, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Ondrej Hegedűs Selye University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Management, Bratislavská str. 3322, 945 01 Komárno

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/851

Keywords:

squash, Acorn, yield, quality

Abstract

The species Cucurbita pepo includes several types of squashes; in Slovak Republic, well-known and oftenly grown squash types are patisson, zucchini, spaghetti squash, oil pumpkin etc. Several interesting squash types of Cucurbita pepo are grown abroad, including Acorn squash which is well-known mainly in USA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the important quantitative (yield per hectare, average fruit weight) and qualitative (total carotenoids, ascorbic acid, antioxidant activity, total soluble solids) yield parameters of Acorn squash fruits in comparison with patisson which is typical squash type of Cucurbita pepo in Slovak Republic. The field trial was realised in Košice-Šaca in 2016. Within experiment, four cultivars of Acorn type pumpkin were tested (Thelma Sanders; Jet Set; Table Gold; Cream of The Crop). The patisson 'Orfeus' was used as a comparative cultivar for evaluation of individual parameters of Acorn type pumpkin cultivars. Matured pumpkin fruits were harvested on the 7th September 2016. From aspect of yield quantity, Acorn cultivars are appeared as very interesting squash type with good yield potential for growing. The highest yield of squash fruits was found in the cultivar 'Cream of The Crop' (17.8 t.ha-1). In mentioned Acorn cultivar, the yield was higher about 87.4% compared to the tested patisson cultivar 'Orfeus' (9.5 t.ha-1). On the contrary, the average weight of squash fruits was reached in patisson cultivar 'Orfeus' (780.7 g). The qualitative parameters of fruits were expressively influenced by squash cultivar. The content of total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and total soluble solids was markedly higher in all Acorn cultivars, compared to the patisson cultivar 'Orfeus'. The highest content of total carotenoids (26.74 mg.kg-1 fresh weight) and ascorbic acid (238.79 mg.kg-1 f. w.) was found in the squash cultivar 'Table Gold'. The highest content of total soluble solids was determined in the cultivar 'Jet Set' (3.8 °Brix). On the contrary, the highest antioxidant activity (DPPH) was found in the patisson cultivar 'Orfeus' (10.80 %). On the basis of obtained results, it is possible to state that Acorn cultivars are very interesting squash type with promising yield potential for possible growing in conditions of Slovak Republic. In addition, Acorn squashes were expressed by higher content of several nutritional parameters compared to the typical squash type - patisson. Thus, these squashes could be an interesting vegetable for human nutrition.

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Published

2018-02-02

How to Cite

Šlosár, M. ., Mezeyová, I. ., Hegedűsová, A. ., & Hegedűs, O. . (2018). Quantitative and qualitative parameters in Acorn squash cultivar in the conditions of the Slovak Republic. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 12(1), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.5219/851

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