Influence of composition of feed and lactation period on mineral composition of Mare's

Authors

  • Miroslav Fišera College of Business and Hotel Management Ltd., Institute of Gastronomy, Bosonožská 9, CZ-625 00 Brno
  • Pavel Valášek Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Logistics and Crisis Management, Department of Crisis Management, Studentské nám. 1532, CZ-686 01 Uherské Hradiště
  • Stanislav Kráčmar College of Business and Hotel Management Ltd., Institute of Gastronomy, Bosonožská 9, CZ-625 00 Brno
  • Vlastimil Kubáň Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Food Technology, CZ-762 72 Zlí­n
  • Pavla Burešová College of Business and Hotel Management Ltd., Institute of Gastronomy, Bosonožská 9, CZ-625 00 Brno
  • Helena Velichová Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, CZ-762 72 Zlí­n
  • Lenka Fišerová Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection, Purkyňova 118, CZ-612 00 Brno

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/894

Keywords:

Mare's milk, nutrients, minerals, lactation periods, feed, lactating mare

Abstract

Effects of lactation period and feed on essential minerals composition of mare's milk were studied. Average Ca, P, Na and Mg concentrations in feed DM were 0.66, 4.30, 0.13 and 2.21 g.kg-1 of DM (dry matter), respectively. In regard to milk all elements concentrations were not similar to each other due to the changes of the lactation day differences. Average Ca, P, Na and Mg concentrations (in DM) caused by breed differences and lactation days were 1.95, 1.08, 0.53 and 0.22 g.kg-1, respectively. During the milk period, a high-quality feed were maintaining the major mineral composition of mare's milk in 1.5 - 2 times higher amount than milk of mare fed with pasture and a low-quality feed. The colostrum stage of mare was much shorter than other animals, the mare's milk on the 2nd day of lactation showed properties of initial milk in which its composition, particularly in minerals, were two times higher when compare to that on milk periods that was started from 5th day after parturition. It seemed that some factors, except well physiological conditions, such as mare's age, number of foaling, sex of foal etc. did not affect milk nutrient composition.

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References

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Published

2018-03-05

How to Cite

Fišera, M. ., Valášek, P. ., Kráčmar, S. ., Kubáň, V. ., Burešová, P. ., Velichová, H. ., & Fišerová, L. . (2018). Influence of composition of feed and lactation period on mineral composition of Mare’s. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 12(1), 216–225. https://doi.org/10.5219/894

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