Determination of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) yields parameters by vermicompost and earthworms (Eisenia foetida)

Authors

  • Peter Kováčik Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Agrochemistry and Plant Nutrition, Tr. A Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Peter Šalamún Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Parasitology, Department of Environmental and Plant Parasitology, Hlinkova 3 / Puškinova 6, 040 01 Košice
  • Sylwester Smoleń University of Agriculture in Kraków, Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Unit of Plant Nutrition, al. 29 Listopada 54, 31”“425, Krakow
  • Petr Škarpa Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Agri science, Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Zemědelská 1, 613 00 Brno
  • Vladimí­r Šimanský Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Tr. A Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, E-mail: Department of pedology and geology, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra
  • Ľuboš Moravčí­k Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Department of Garden and Landscape Architecture, Tulipánová 7, 949 76 Nitra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5219/946

Keywords:

carrot, antioxidant, vitamin C, total polyphenol, yield

Abstract

The impact of different types of vermicomposts as well as different species and genera of earthworms on the quantity of the cultivated crops yield has been studied for decades. There is scarce information about the effects of these factors on the quality of plant production. One of the qualitative parameters of vegetables, to which a special attention is paid, is the content of antioxidants (vitamin C, total polyphenols and other substances). The pot experiment carried out in the vegetation cage studied: A) the influence of soil itself, soil mixed with vermicompost in a ratio of 4:1; B) the influence of earthworms number (genus Eisenia foetida, 10 and 20 individuals per pot) supplied to soil mixed with vermicompost in a ratio of 4:1 on the weight of radish roots and leaves, to the total chlorophylls content in leaves, to the selected qualitative parameters of the roots and leaves (vitamin C, total polyphenols content,  total antioxidant activity). The results showed that the supplementation of vermicompost into soil increased the content of the total chlorophylls in leaves. The carrot roots and leaves yield has also been risen. In the roots the content of vitamin C and content of total polyphenols (TPC) was decreased and the total antioxidant activity (TAA) dropped, too. The increased content of vitamin C and TPC was detected in leaves. The inoculation of soil containing vermicompost by earthworms increased the root yield and TAA in roots. It increased the content of vitamin C and TPC in leaves. From the viewpoint of antioxidant content (vitamin C and total polyphenols) the leaves are more attractive than a root.

 

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Published

2018-07-11

How to Cite

Kováčik, P. ., Šalamún, P. ., Smoleń, S. ., Škarpa, P. ., Šimanský, V. ., & Moravčí­k, Ľuboš . (2018). Determination of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) yields parameters by vermicompost and earthworms (Eisenia foetida). Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 12(1), 520–526. https://doi.org/10.5219/946

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